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Rejestracja Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Telematyki Transportu2007-03-19

Mamy zaszczyt powiadomić, iż dnia 19 marca 2007 roku w sądzie rejonowym w Katowicach zostało zarejestrowane Polskie Stowarzyszenie Telematyki Transportu. Z tym dniem działalność naukowo-informacyjna wortalu TELEMATYKA.PL staje się jednym z głównych celów nowo powstałego Stowarzyszenia. Równocześnie strona wortalu staje się miejscem wszystkich oficjalnych komunikatów Stowarzyszenia oraz wszelkich informacji organizacyjnych.

W dniu 17 grudnia 2014 roku odbyło się w Stowarzyszeniu zebranie sprawozdawczo - wyborcze, które dokonało oprócz podsumowania dotychczasowej działalności również zmian w składzie zarządu Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Telematyki Transportu. Prezesem zarządu pozostał Prof. Jerzy Mikulski, natomiast zastępcą prezesa została wybrana mgr inż. Barbara Żmidzińska, a sekretarzem dr inż. Ryszard Janecki.

Reklama ATST0000-00-00




I Forum Innowacji Transportowych - dobre praktyki na rzecz zrĂłwnowaĹźonego rozwoju
2012-11-28

Fundacja Centrum Analiz Transportowych i Infrastrukturalnych (CATI) ma przyjemność zaprosić Państwa do udziału w ogólnopolskiej konferencji pod nazwą I Forum Innowacji Transportowych - dobre praktyki na rzecz zrównoważonego rozwoju, która dotyczyć będzie innowacyjności w różnych aspektach transportu, takich jak technologia i technika, zarządzanie, finanse, planowanie.

Więcej informacji na stronie http://foruminnowacji.info.pl/

Dodatkowo, w trakcie konferencji zostaną wręczone nagrody Innowacyjności w Transporcie 2012 za najciekawsze innowacyjne projekty i rozwiązania transportowe.

Więcej informacji o konkursie na stronie http://www.innowacje-transport.pl/



Nowy system waĹźenia pojazdĂłw na mostach firmy Neurosoft
2012-11-05

Neurosoft od kilku lat bierze aktywny udział w badaniach nad poprawą jakości systemów ważenia preselekcyjnego i skutecznie wdraża technologie przynoszące najlepsze rezultaty jej użytkownikom.

W związku z  dynamicznym rozwojem technologii waĹźenie preselekcyjnego w Polsce, firma Neurosoft chciałaby przedstawić Państwu moĹźliwość wykorzystania alternatywnej metody agregacji pomiarĂłw o pojazdach i stanie nawierzchni.




19th ITS World Congress Vienna, Austria
2012-03-09

W dniach 22-26 października 2012 w Wiedniu odbędzie się 19 Światowy Kongres ITS (ITS World Congress).

Pod hasłem "Mądrzej na drodze", 12. ITS World Congress w Wiedniu skupia się na innowacyjnych systemach poprawy mobilności. Energooszczędna i ekologicznie przyjazna polityka transportowa przy pomocy inteligentnych systemĂłw i usług stale nieustannie udowadnia swoje ogromne znaczenie w Europie i na świecie. Zwłaszcza Austria ma potrzebę na nadzwyczaj wysoki poziom zrĂłwnowaĹźonej mobilności pasaĹźerĂłw i towarĂłw z wykorzystaniem multimodalności.

Strona konferencyjna: http://2012.itsworldcongress.com

Osoba kontaktowa: Valérie Mindlin, Congress Manager, ERTICO ITS Europe v.mindlin@mail.ertico.com



Sympozjum telematyki
2011-11-07

Dwudniowe sympozjum „Wpływ aplikacji telematycznych na poprawę bezpieczeństwa i efektywności transportu” („Transport safety and efficiency improval by influence of telematic applications”) odbyło się 21-22 paĹşdziernika 2011r. w Ustroniu.


Konferencja Transport Systems Telematics TST2011
2011-10-24

Dziękujemy wszystkim Uczestnikom za udział w 11 Międzynarodowej Konferencji Telematyka Systemów Transportowych TST2011.

Pragniemy jednocześnie zaprosić na 12 edycję konferencji TST2012, która rozpocznie się 10.10.2012.



Współpraca PSTT z MNiSW
2011-09-23

W ramach organizacji III Sympozjum Naukowego „Wpływ aplikacji telematycznych na poprawę bezpieczeństwa i efektywności transportu” Polskie Stowarzyszenie Telematyki Transportu uzyskało dofinansowanie z Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa WyĹźszego.


Podpisania porozumienia PSTT/ITS Polska
2011-05-31

W dniu 25 maja 2011 roku zostało podpisane porozumienie pomiędzy Polskim Stowarzyszeniem Telematyki Transportu a Stowarzyszeniem Inteligentne Systemy Transportowe ITS Polska.



Austriackie doświadczenie...
2011-04-19


W dniach 23.03-24.03.2011 roku, w Wiedniu odbyło się seminarium zorganizowane przez Polskie Stowarzyszenie Telematyki Transportu, Instytut APM oraz Swarco Futurit. Wydarzenie miało na celu przedstawienie funkcjonowania systemów zarządzania ruchem na obszarze Vienna Region.



Lunch z Kurierem - optymalny sposĂłb na srk
2011-03-25

W debacie „Sterowanie ruchem kolejowym i bezpieczna kontrola jazdy pociągiem”, ktĂłra odbyła się 15 marca w ramach cyklu Lunch z Kurierem poruszano tematy między innymi jak zorganizować utrzymanie coraz nowocześniejszych urządzeń srk na polskich torach.

W spotkaniu uczestniczyli m.in. Marek Pawlik, członek zarządu, dyrektor ds. strategii i rozwoju PKP PLK, poseł Janusz Piechociński, Jerzy Mikulski, profesor Politechniki Śląskiej, prof. Janusz Dyduch, przewodniczący Komitetu Transportu PAN,  Paweł PrzyĹźycki z Thales Rail Signalling Solutions, Piotr Pustoszkin, z-ca dyrektora ds. linii głównych Bombardier Transportation (ZWUS), Andrzej Więclewski, dyrektor ds. sterowania ruchem kolejowym Elester-PKP.

Sprawozdanie ze spotkania.

Galeria ze spotkania.



XI Międzynarodowa Konferencja "Telematyka Systemów Transportowych"
2011-03-24

W dniach 19-22 października 2011 w Katowicach i Ustroniu będzie miała miejsce XI edycja Międzynarodowej Konferencji "Telematyka Systemów Transportowych". Tematyka konferencji obejmuje szeroko pojęte zagadnienia inteligentnych systemów transportowych oraz telematyki w transporcie drogowym, kolejowym i morskim. Dla transportu powietrznego przewidziano niezależny panel lotniczy "Telematyka w nawigacji powietrznej". Wszystkich zainteresowanych zapraszamy do zapoznania się z pełną ofertą konferencji na stronie organizatorów: www.tst-conference.org


Sympozjum telematyki
2010-11-03

Dwudniowe sympozjum „Wpływ aplikacji telematycznych na poprawę bezpieczeństwa i efektywności transportu” („Transport safety and efficiency improval by influence of telematic applications”) odbyło się 22-23 paĹşdziernika 2010r. w Ustroniu.


Konferencja Telematyka SystemĂłw Transportowych TST2010
2010-10-20

W środę 20.10.2010r o godzinie 11.00 w Auli Politechniki Śląskiej przy ul. Krasińskiego 8 w Katowicach rozpoczęłą się konferencja Telematyka Systemów Transportowych TST2010.

Szczegóły odnośnie Konferencji znajdziecie Państwo na stronie http://www.tst-conference.org



Współpraca PSTT z MNiSW
2010-10-11

W ramach organizacji II Sympozjum Naukowego „Wpływ aplikacji telematycznych na poprawę bezpieczeństwa i efektywności transportu” Polskie Stowarzyszenie Telematyki Transportu uzyskało dofinansowanie z Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa WyĹźszego.


Lunch z Kurierem: Czy kształcenie kadr dla kolei zaspokaja potrzeby rynku?
2010-10-04

WspĂłlny projekt „Kuriera Kolejowego” i Kolejowej Oficyny Wydawniczej - „Lunch z Kurierem” to debaty poświęcone najwaĹźniejszym sprawom związanym z koleją w Polsce i Europie. Honorowy patronat nad cyklem sprawuje Ministerstwo Infrastruktury.

30 sierpnia 2010 r. miała miejsce debata, której temat "Czy kształcenie kadr dla kolei zaspokaja potrzeby rynku?" był poświęcony przyszłość szkolnictwa kolejowego w Polsce. W debacie uczestniczył prof. Jerzy Mikulski. Zapraszamy do zapoznania się z materiałami prasowymi z debaty.
Sprawozdanie ze spotkania


Polsko–Czesko–Słowackie Forum „Telematyka Transportu w Praktyce” - sprawozdanie
2010-10-04

28 września br., w Śląskim Biurze Ambasady Republiki Czeskiej przy ul. P. Stalmacha 21 w Katowicach, odbyło się seminarium „Telematyka Transportu w Praktyce – Polsko – Czesko – Słowackie Forum”. Patronat nad seminarium objęli: Ambasador Republiki Czeskiej w Polsce, Pan Jan Sechter, oraz Prezydent Katowic, Pan Piotr Uszok. W seminarium udział wzięli m.in. przedstawiciele: Czesko-Słowackiego Stowarzyszenia Intelligent Transport Systems & Services, Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Telematyki Transportu, Wydziału Transportu Politechniki w Pradze, Wydziału Transportu Politechniki Śląskiej, jak rĂłwnieĹź Wydziału Komunikacji i Ekonomiki Transportu i Łączności Uniwersytetu w Ĺťylinie, a takĹźe przedstawiciele czeskich i polskich firm i uczelni działających w dziedzinie inteligentnego transportu.

Informacje o seminarium oraz dodatkowe materiały znajdują się również na stronie czeskiego stowarzyszenia ITS.




Polsko-Czesko-Słowackie Forum „Telematyka Transportu w Praktyce”
2010-08-13

Mamy przyjemność poinformować, Ĺźe w dniu 28 września br., w Śląskiem Biurze Ambasady Republiki Czeskiej przy ul. P. Stalmacha 21 w Katowicach, odbędzie się seminarium „Telematyka Transportu w Praktyce – Polsko-Czesko-Słowackie Forum”. 
Patronat nad seminarium objęli: Ambasador Republiki Czeskiej Pan Jan Sechter, oraz Prezydent Katowic Pan Piotr Uszok.
W seminarium udział wezmą przedstawiciele: czesko-słowackiego stowarzyszenia Intelligent Transport Systems & Services, Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Telematyki Transportu, Wydziału Transportu Politechniki w Pradze, Wydziału Transportu Politechniki Śląskiej, oraz Wydziału Komunikacji oraz Ekonomiki Transportu i Łączności Uniwersytetu w Żylinie.
Do udziału w forum zaproszeni zostali także przedstawiciele czeskich i polskich firm działających w dziedzinie inteligentnego transportu.

Listy Ambasadora Republiki Czeskiej i Prezydenta Katowic.

Program spotkania

 



Wywiad z prof. Jerzym Mikulskim
2010-08-10

16 lipca w Gazecie Finansowej ukazał się wywiad z prof. Jerzym Mikulskim pt. Patrzymy na efektywność i opłacalność systemu. Zapraszamy do lektury.



Wizyta przedstawicieli stowarzyszenia ITS&S
2010-07-14

13 lipca 2010 r. zarząd Czesko - Słowackiego Stowarzyszenia Intelligent Transport Systems and Services (ITS&S) w składzie prof. Miroslav Svítek, prezydent, Roman Srp, wiceprezydent oraz prof. Alica Kalašová, przyjechali do Katowic promować współpracę miedzy stowarzyszeniową oraz zaznaczyć swoją obecnością konieczność ożywienia współpracy pomiędzy firmami z Polski, Słowacji oraz Republiki Czeskiej w zakresie inteligentnych systemów transportowych.
W tym celu odbyło się spotkanie w Urzędzie Miasta Katowice, w którym oprócz delegacji stowarzyszenia ITS&S, uczestniczyli Arkadiusz Godlewski wiceprezydent Miasta Katowice, Jiří Banot dyrektor Wydziału Promocji Handlu/CzechTrade Ambasady Republiki Czeskiej w Polsce oraz Jerzy Mikulski prezes Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Telematyki Transportu.
Członkowie delegacji, tym razem już w roli reprezentantów uczelni: prof. Miroslav Svítek - Dziekan Wydziału Transportu Politechniki w Pradze (CTU in Prague), prof. Alica Kalašová - z Wydziału Eksploatacji i Ekonomiki Transportu oraz Łączności w Żylinie (University of Żylina), w obecności prof. Jerzego Mikulskiego, spotkali się również z Dziekanem Wydziału Transportu Politechniki Śląskiej prof. Bogusławem Łazarzem, gdzie poruszana była tematyka kształcenia w zakresie telematyki transportu.
Jednocześnie informujemy, że pod koniec września w Katowicach odbędzie się forum współpracy Polsko - Czesko - Słowackiej pt. "Telematyka transportu w praktyce". Szczegółowe informacje zostaną umieszczone już wkrótce.
 

  
 



Partnerzy do współpracy poszukiwani!
2010-07-08

Stowarzyszenie Czech and Slovak Intelligent Transport Systems and Services (ITS&S) zachęca do nawiązania współpracy pomiędzy firmami z Polski a firmami z Republiki Czeskiej i Słowacji w dziedzinie szeroko pojętej telematyki systemów transportowych.
Listę firm z zagranicy można znaleźć na internetowej stornie stowarzyszenia ITS&S (lista partnerów).
Polskie firmy zainteresowane współpracą z partnerami z zagranicy mogą skorzystać ze specjalnej funkcji "Product navigator" (tutaj) , która ułatwi wyszukiwanie firm specjalizujących się w tej dziedzinie.



Lunch z Kurierem: Czuła infrastruktura
2010-07-07

WspĂłlny projekt „Kuriera Kolejowego” i Kolejowej Oficyny Wydawniczej - „Lunch z Kurierem” to debaty poświęcone najwaĹźniejszym sprawom związanym z koleją w Polsce i Europie. Honorowy patronat nad cyklem sprawuje Ministerstwo Infrastruktury.

21 czerwca 2010 r. miała miejsce debata, której temat "Czuła infrastruktura" był poświęcony automatyce kolejowej. W debacie uczestniczył prof. Jerzy Mikulski. Zapraszamy do zapoznania się z materiałami prasowymi z debaty.
KrĂłtka charakterystyka spotkania
Podsumowanie debaty
WypowiedĹş prof. J. Mikulskiego

Zapraszamy również do zapoznania się z rozszerzoną wersja prasową w postaci pliku pdf.



ITS skuteczną metodą w walce o obniżenie emisji CO2
2010-07-07

TTS Italia (włoskie stowarzyszenie ITS) opublikowało sprawozdanie z seminarium pt. "The impact of ITS on CO2 reduction" (Wływ ITS na redukcję CO2). "Skrócenie czasu podróży o 20%, wzrost bezpieczeństwa na drogach od 10 do 15 %, redukcja emisji CO2 o 10% w skali kraju, to tylko niektóre z korzyści płynących z zastosowania rozwiązań ITS" czytamy w sprawozdaniu.

Całość podsumowania (w języku angielskim) tutaj.



Telematyka – przyszłość transportu i logistyki? - wywiad z prof. J.Mikulskim
2010-05-13

Zapraszamy do zapoznania się z treścią wywiadu przeprowadzonego z prof. J.Mikulskim pt. "Telematyka – przyszłość transportu i logistyki?" na łamach czasopisma Logistyka nr 02/2010.

Pierwsza strona wywiadu oraz druga strona wywiadu w formacie jpg.



X Międzynarodowa Konferencja
2010-02-05

Zapraszamy na X Międzynarodową Konferencję Naukową "Telematyka Systemów Transportowych".

Technologie przetwarzania danych i telematyka odgrywają fundamentalną rolę w transportowych systemach sterowania i zarządzania. Podstawowym celem konferencji jest promocja nowoczesnych rozwiązań systemów informacyjnych i telematycznych oraz systemów zarządzania w transporcie. Organizatorzy konferencji zapraszają do współpracy wszystkich, którzy chcieliby zaprezentować swoje osiągnięcia w dziedzinach związanych z tematyką konferencji. Udział w konferencji będzie dobrą okazją do zaprezentowania dotychczasowego dorobku i nakreślenia kierunków rozwoju telematyki transportu.

Więcej informacji na stronie www.tst-conference.org.



Walne Zgromadzenie Członków Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Telematyki Transportu
2010-02-01

W dniu 06.11.2009r. o godzinie 12.45 w Ustroniu przy ul. Sanatoryjnej 32 odbyło się Walne Zgromadzenie Członków Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Telematyki Transportu.





Archives of Transport System Telematics
2009-12-22

This site provides abstracts of papers published in Archives of Transport System Telematics.
Further can be found abstracts by authors in following Volumes (V) and Issues (I) of quarterly.




Sympozjum telematyki
2009-11-05

Dwudniowe sympozjum „Wpływ aplikacji telematycznych na poprawę bezpieczeństwa transportu” („Transport safety improval by influence of telematic applications”) odbyło się 06-07 listopada 2009r. w Ustroniu.


Współpraca PSTT z MNiSW
2009-10-09

W ramach organizacji sympozjum naukowego „Wpływ aplikacji telematycznych na poprawę bezpieczeństwa transportu” Polskie Stowarzyszenie Telematyki Transportu uzyskało dofinansowanie z Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa WyĹźszego.


Przystąpienie PSTT do ITS Nationals
2008-04-03

W dniu 29.02.2008 r. w spotkaniu członków europejskiego stowarzyszenia Network of National ITS Associations, które odbyło się w Brukseli, uczestniczył prezes stowarzyszenia PSTT prof. Jerzy Mikulski, którego pobyt wiązał się z przedstawieniem Polskiego Stowarzyszenia Telematyki Transportu zgromadzonym tam członkom Network ITS. Wystąpienie prof. Jerzego Mikulskiego było ukoronowaniem starań PSTT o wstąpienie w szeregi tego międzynarodowego stowarzyszenia. Kandydatura PSTT została zaaprobowana w czasie głosowania przeprowadzonego tego samego dnia. Mamy zatem przyjemność ogłosić, że Polskie Stowarzyszenie Telematyki Transportu znajduje się obecnie w gronie 28 stowarzyszeń europejskich, których działalność związana jest z zagadnieniami telematyki i inteligentnych systemów transportowych.

Jednocześnie chcemy ogłosić, że w portalu telematyla.pl będą ukazywały się co ważniejsze ogłoszenia pochodzące od Network of National ITS Associations.


Podpisanie listu intencyjnego pomiędzy PSTT a ITS Slovakia
2007-05-31

31 maja 2007 roku został podpisany list intencyjny pomiędzy Polskim Stowarzyszeniem Telematyki Transportu a Intelligent Transportation Systems Slovakia.
List intencyjny pomiędzy PSTT a ITS Slovakia

Umowa ta jest dokumentem programowym dotyczącym realizacji dwustronnych kontaktów i wzajemnego partnerstwa na rzecz rozwoju inteligentnych systemów transportowych w krajach sygnatariuszy.




Podpisanie listu intencyjnego pomiędzy PSTT a ITS&S Czech Republic
2007-05-16

16 maja 2007 roku został podpisany list intencyjny pomiędzy Polskim Stowarzyszeniem Telematyki Transportu a ITS&S Czech Republic.
List intencyjny pomiędzy PSTT a ITS&S Czech Republic

Podpisany dokument zapowiada integrację działań obu organizacji w zakresie popularyzacji telematyki transportu, wzajemną wymianę informacji i doświadczeń w wykorzystaniu systemów telematyki, organizacyjną pomoc przy organizowaniu szkoleń, seminariów i konferencji.




Military identifi cation technologies in civil applications
K. LUBIENIECKA- KOCOŃ
2010-01-06

Title:

Military identification technologies in civil applications

Authors:

K. LUBIENIECKA- KOCOŃ

Afiliation:

Student of Transport Faculty, Silesian University of Technology, Krasińskiego 8, 40-019 Katowice, Poland

Keywords:

military identification technologies, civil applications

Abstract:

The paper presents the short review of the chosen military identification technologies, as well as their potential usage in civil fields. There have been presented both those already known solutions, and those that may prove useful in the nearest future. The focus was on those technologies that will potentially best fit in the civil market

Bibliography:

[1] ABRASZEK A, Bezpilotowe i uzbrojenie lotnicze na Le Bourget 2007, (UAV and the air arms in Le Bourget 2007), Nowa Technika Wojskowa 8/2007, (in Polish).
[2] BUTOWSKI P., Aparaty bezpilotowe ze Zjednoczonych EmiratĂłw Arabskich, (UAV from the United Arab Emirates), Nowa Technika Wojskowa 1/2006), (in Polish).
[3] BUTOWSKI P., Radar dla aerostatów z Węgi, (Radar for the aerostats from Węga), Nowa Technika Wojskowa 6/2005, (in Polish).
[4] CYNK J., Samolot Bombowy PZL P 37 Łoś, (Bomber PZL P 37 Łoś), Wydawnictwo łączności i komunikacji, Warszawa 1991, (in Polish).
[5] HUZARSKI M. (ed), Taktyka ogĂłlna wojsk lądowych, Podręcznik (Handbook: The army’s general tactics), Akademia Obrony Narodowej Warszawa 2000, (in Polish).
[6] KIŃSKI A., Sofar leci na Węgry, (Sofar goes to Hangary), Nowa Technika Wojskowa 1/2007, (in Polish).
[7] ROCHOWICZ R, PowtĂłrka z bezpilotowcĂłw, (UAV- revision), Nowa Technika Wojskowa 8/2006, (in Polish).
[8] ROCHOWICZ P., Trudna historia, czyli HOB BIT jaki jest a jaki być powinien, (Difficult story: what a HOB BIT is like and what is should be like), Nowa Technika Wojskowa 11/2005, (in Polish).
[9] SZUBAŃSKI R., Polska Broń Pancerna w 1939 roku (Polish armour in 1939), Bellona Warszawa 1997, (in Polish).
[10] SZUGAJEW L. JARZEMSKI J., Przenośny radar wykrywająco– ostrzegawczy RWO 1, (The portable, detecting –warning radar RWO 1), Nowa Technika Wojskowa 6/2005, (in Polish).
[11] http://www.specops.com.pl/taktyka_zielona/konspekt_ksztalcenie_obywatelskie/konspekt_ksztalcenie_obywatelskie.htm 23.07.2008
[12] http://derela.republika.pl/tks_galp.htm 22.07.2008
[13] http://www.topivision.com/ 22.07.2008
[14] http://defense-update.com/products/i/iview.htm 22.07.2008
[15] http://www.rosaerosystems.pbo.ru/images/puma%20porkovka.jpg 23.07.2008
[16] http://www.rosaerosystems.pbo.ru/pdf/HAA%20Berkut.pdf 23.07.2008


Monitoring and managing systems based on GPS in the land and air communication
P. TRÓMIŃSKI, P. ZADRĄG
2010-01-06

Title:

Monitoring and managing systems based on GPS in the land and air communication

Authors:

P. TRÓMIŃSKI, P. ZADRĄG

Afiliation:

Nav-Star Ltd., Drogowców 7, 39-200 Dębica, Poland

Keywords:

navigation, GPS, EGNOS, GSM/GPRS, ADS-B, monitoring, communication, management, system

Abstract:

The article presents conception of author's management and monitoring system based on GPS, for application in the transport and land and air communication. This system arises as an answer to demand of local Civil Services, which are member of a crisis management. System purpose is to increase the effectiveness and safeties during salvage actions. In following years the system evolved, allowing its use not only in land conditions but also in the transport and the air lifesaving. Article shows future plans connected with the system development and the extension with ADS-B system (Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast).

Bibliography:

[1] http://www.ads-b.com/


Development of neural network programme for automated testing of railway contact blocks
V. DUB, V. GAVRILYUK
2010-01-06

Title:

Development of neural network programme for automated testing of railway contact blocks

Authors:

V. DUB, V. GAVRILYUK

Afiliation:

Chair of Automatics and Telecommunication, Dnepropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, Acad. Lazaryan str. 2, 49010 Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine,

Keywords:

automated testing, railway contact blocks, neural networks

Abstract:

A neural network model for automated testing of railway contact blocks was developed. The neural network computer programme allowed obtaining satisfactory results for relay diagnostics using "current-time" dependence during relay switching as an input diagnostic data.

Bibliography:

[1] ARKATOV V.S., BAZHENOV A.I., DMITRENKO I.E., Remontno-tekhnologicheskijj uchastok SCB (Repair-technological division of railway signalling systems), Transport, Moscow 1987,  (in Russian).
[2] DMITRENKO I.E., DJAKOV D.V., SAPOZHNIKOV V.V., Izmerenija i diagnostirovanie v sistemakh zheleznodorozhnojj avtomatiki, telemekhaniki i svjazi (Measurements and diagnostics in railway automatic and telecommunication systems), Transport, Moscow 1992, (in Russian).
[3] DMITRENKO I.E., Tekhnicheskaja diagnostika i avtokontrol` sistem zheleznodorozhnojj avtomatiki i telemekhaniki (Technical diagnostics and control of railway automatic systems), Transport, Moscow 1986, (in Russian).
[4] GALUSHKIN A.I. (ed.), Teorija nejjronnykh setejj (The theory of neural networks). IPJR-press, Moscow 2000, (in Russian).
[5] GAVRILJUK V.I., DUB V.Ju., Diagnostirovanie relejjno-kontaktnykh ustrojjstv zheleznodorozhnojj avtomatiki (Diagnostics of the relay-contact devices of the railway automatics), Dnepropetrovsk national university of railway transport bulletin, 2006, No12. p.3-7, (in Russian).
[6] KARIBSKI V.V., PARKHOMENKO P.P., SOGOMONJAN E.S., Osnovy tekhnicheskojj diagnostiki (Bases of technical diagnostics), Energija, Moscow 1976, (in Russian).
[7] PARKHOMENKO P.P., SOGOMONJAN E.S., Osnovy tekhnicheskojj diagnostiki (Bases of technical diagnostics), Energoatomizdat, Moscow 1981, (in Russian).
[8] SIMON HAYKIN, Neural Networks. A Comprehensive Foundation. Second Edition, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada 2005.
[9] SAPOZHNIKOV V.V., SAPOZHNIKOV VL.V., Osnovy tekhnicheskojj diagnostiki (Bases of technical diagnostics), Marshrut, Moscow 2004, (in Russian).



Human factor as an important ITS element
J. PEKÁROVÁ, A. KALAŠOVÁ
2010-01-06

Title:

Human factor as an important ITS element

Authors:

J. PEKÁROVÁ, A. KALAŠOVÁ

Afiliation:

University of Zilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications,
Department of Road and Urban Transport, Univerzitnå 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia

Keywords:

Intelligent Transport System, accidents, safety

Abstract:

Safety is the exemption from accidents and losses on human lives. It is also related to property protection, regulation, management and transport technology development. The analysis of accidents indicates that 95% of transport accidents are caused by a human factor failure (wrong evaluation of situation, participant’s skills/abilities etc.) One of the most frequent errors of drivers is a wrong decision in a critical situation. The decision process is very complicated since the driver has to evaluate the situation arisen correctly within fractions of a second. The implementation of telematic systems into vehicle equipment reduces the energy intensity, reduces environmental impacts, increases safety etc. Reduction of total operating costs of road vehicles, simplification of vehicle control to the maximum extent and reduction of driver’s informational overload is emphasised. Our article deals with the analysis of human factor and investigation of its demonstrations in the context of telematic applications.

Bibliography:

[1] KALAĹ OVÁ, A., PAÄ˝O, J:., FAITH,P.: Transport Engineering, I. Published by EDIS Ĺ˝U in Ĺ˝ilina, 2006,  194 pages  ISBN 80-8070-634-4
[2] KALAĹ OVÁ, A: Introduction to transport telematics. In: Collection of articles from the ITS Conference 2007, Bratislava 11. – 12.9.2007 - ISBN 978-80-254-0207-8. - 5
[3] KŘIVDA, V., OLIVKOVÁ,I., PAÄ˝O,J.,  RICHTÁŘ, M.: Transport Telematics. Published by EDIS Ĺ˝U in Ĺ˝ilina, 2009,  ISBN 978-80-8070-981-5
[4] KLEINMANN, K.: Are billboards the silent killers of drivers? In: ROSALINE [electronic source]: Collection from the international congress on safety in road transport, 20.-22.4.2009, Bratislava, Published by TECHNOLOGIES&PROSPERITY, 2009, ISBN 978-80-87205-06-8,
[5] www.dnoviny.cz
[6] www.ertico.com


Application of transport telematics in the cities
I. OLIVKOVÁ
2010-01-06

Title:

Application of transport telematics in the cities

Authors:

I. OLIVKOVÁ

Afiliation:

Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institut of transport, Technical university of Ostrava, 17.listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava – Poruba, Czech Republic

Keywords:

application of transport telematics, transport information centres, traffic information

Abstract:

Actual problems of transport information centres introduction have been described in this paper. The growth of vehicles number in the Czech Republic in recent years is evident. Road construction is time-consuming and very costly. An advanced telematics system solution should be applied. Information is now more important for drivers. The traffic congestions are an important problems for drivers. However the drivers can accommodate their own way and save time using traffic information. Time saving impacts on economy, accident frequency and last but not least on the environment. Current technical solutions can get authentic information, which other entities can provide to the users. The main problems are the functional interconnection of traffic information and distribution of existing traffic information to drivers

Bibliography:

[1] OLIVKOVÁ I., KŘIVDA, V., RICHTÁŘ, M., KRAJČÍR, D., Transport telematics II. Technical University of Ostrava, 2008.
[2] PŘIBYL P., SVÍTEK M., Intelligent transport system. Published by BEN, Prague, 2001.
[3] FAMFULÍK J., Reliability, theoretical framework. Functional safety 2009: conference proceedings, Prague: TÜV SÜD Czech s.r.o. 2009.
[4] Internet site http://www.eltodo.cz/ - ELTODO Group



Transport Research Knowledge Center
Z. ŠITAVANCOVÁ, M. HÁJEK
2010-01-06

Title:

Transport Research Knowledge Center

Authors:

Z. ŠITAVANCOVÁ, M. HÁJEK

Afiliation:

Division of Transport Development, ITS Department, Líťeňskå 33a, 636 00 Brno, Czech Republic

Keywords:

TRKC, transport research, projects, programmes

Abstract:

Transport Research Knowledge Centre (TRKC) is a project of the European Commission’s Directorate General for Energy and Transport (DG TREN) and is funded under FP6. Th e primary aim of TRKC is to disseminate and promote the results of transport research activities at European and national level. It also illustrates how transport research programmes and projects help to develop guidelines and innovative tools to support European transport policy for sustainable mobility.

Bibliography:

[1] www.transport-research.info


The safe access control into ITS distributed databases
M. SVÍTEK
2010-01-06

Title:

The safe access control into ITS distributed databases

Authors:

M. SVÍTEK

Afiliation:

Faculty of Transportation Sciences, Czech Technical University in Prague, KonviktskĂĄ 20, 110 00 Prague 1, Czech Republic

Keywords:

electronic identifi cation in ITS, safe access control, dynamic identifi ers

Abstract:

Paper presents new method how to share and process the sensitive data distributed in different databases. It is typical for ITS area that data elements are stored and managed by different public/private organizations located on different places. On the other hand a lot of telematics applications are based on the connections and further processing of shared data elements. This fact yields into requirements for new dynamical electronic identifiers that protect communication channel against sensitive information connection. We present the basic concept of application of dynamical identifiers together with illustrative example applicable for e-Government part of ITS.  

Bibliography:

[1] JIROVSKÝ, V., SVÍTEK, M., PŘIBYL, P., MOOS, P., VOTRUBA, Z.: Hybrid Solution of Interoperable European Toll Service, In: Transactions on Transport Sciences. 2008, vol. 1, no. 4, p. 165-174. ISSN 1802-971X.
[2] MOOS,  P., SVÍTEK, M., VOTRUBA, Z.: Information Power in Intelligent Transport Systems, In: Transactions on Transport Sciences. 2008, vol. 1, no. 4, p. 193-202. ISSN 1802-971X.
[3] MASTORAKIS N. (Ed.): Computers and Simulation in Modern Science, Vol.2, WSEAS Press 2008, ISBN: 978-960-474-032-1,     (Zelinka T., SvĂ­tek M.: Adaptive wireless access solutions in transport environment, pp. 234-2241.)
[4] ZELINKA, T. SVÍTEK, M.: Multi-path communications access decision scheme, Proceedings of the 12-th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics,. Orlando: IIIS - International Institute of Informatics and Systemics, 2008, vol. III, p. 233-237. ISBN 978-1-934272-33-6.


Low market density lines for ERTMS regional system
A. BIAŁOŃ, P. GRADOWSKI
2010-01-06

Title:

Low market density lines for ERTMS regional system

Authors:

A. BIAŁOŃ, P. GRADOWSKI

Afiliation:

Silesian University of Technology, ul. Krasińskiego 8, 40 019 Katowice, Poland
Railway Scientifi c and Technical Centre, Chłopickiego 50, 04-275 Warszawa, Poland;

Keywords:

ERTMS, low density lines

Abstract:

The paper presents technical and formal aspects of the development and implementation of the ERTMS Regional. The main purpose of building the ERTMS Regional system is to create an ERTMS-based system which is maximally fitted to low-density lines. This paper presents differences between the specifications of ERTMS and ERTMS Regional systems. The article includes a technical description as well as the principles of ERTMS Regional, a description of the first stage of implementation, as well as an analysis of possible implementation of this system in Poland

Bibliography:

[1] ERTMS Regional Functional Requirements Specification, version 03.03, draft.
[2] ERTMS Regional – UIC materials, Paris 2007.
[3] ERTMS Regional Operational Scenarios, version 1.05, draft.
[4] ERTMS Regional RAMS Requirements, version 1.02, draft.
[5] ERTMS Regional General Technical Requirements Specification, version 01.02, draft.
[6] Frosig P.: Overview, background. UIC ERTMS REGIONAL Workshop, Paris 2008.
[7] Hand-out for UIC Infrastructure Commission Meeting Gävle, June 2002.


Network safety in railroad traffi c control systems
S. SURMA
2010-01-06

Title:

This article presents the problem of safety of transmission in complex railroad traffic control systems. Modern solutions used in railroad traffic control allow for using all current means of transmission. The need to secure such transmissions is a complex issue in need of constant revision

Authors:

S. SURMA

Afiliation:

Faculty of Transport, Silesian University of Technology, Krasinskiego 8/201, 40-019 Katowice, Poland

Keywords:

SIL, PLC, Ethernet, Powerlink

Abstract:

This article presents the problem of safety of transmission in complex railroad traffic control systems. Modern solutions used in railroad traffic control allow for using all current means of transmission. The need to secure such transmissions is a complex issue in need of constant revision

Bibliography:

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/
[2] http://www.cdc.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de/aircrack-ptw/
[3] http://eprint.iacr.org/2007/120.pdf (2009-05-10)
[4] http://arstechnica.com/security/news/2008/11/ wpa-cracked.ars
[5] LaserBit LB-2500 Modular Series Documentation, http://www.cyberbajt.pl/download/laserbit/dokumentacja/LB-2500_Data_Sheet.pdf
[6] TereScope155 Protocol Independent Series, http://www.mrv.com/datasheets/TS/PDF300/MRVTS-007_HI.pdf
[7] http://www.profi bus.com/pb/profi bus/process/
[8] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Epl_cycle-3.png;user Plupp01
[9] http://www.ethernet-powerlink.org/index.php?id=40
[10] ZEiSAP MikroB S.A.



Reliability structure of the vessel traffi c services in the Gulf of Gdansk
T. BUDNY
2010-01-06

Title:

Reliability structure of the vessel traffic services in the Gulf of Gdansk

Authors:

T. BUDNY

Afiliation:

Faculty of Navigation, Gdynia Maritime University, Al. Jana Pawła II 3, 81-345 Gdynia, Poland

Keywords:

traffic monitoring systems, systems reliability, vessel traffic services at sea, reliability structure


Abstract:

In the paper reliability structure of the Vessel Traffic Services Gulf of Gdansk system is described. Four different functional subsystems are distinguished. Some definitions of the different kinds of structures are also presented

Bibliography:

[1] BUDNY T., VTS Zatoka Radar System Reliability and Availability Analysis, International Journal of Reliability, Quality and Safety Enginnering, Vol.14, No 6, 2007.
[2] KOŁOWROCKI K., et al., KWIATUSZEWSKA-SARNECKA B. and BLOKUS A., Asymptotic approach to complex systems reliability analysis, Two-state non-renewal systems. Gdynia Maritime University Publishing House, Gdynia, 2005.
[3] STUPAK T., WAWRUCH R., DZIEWICKI M. and MRZYGŁÓD J., Research on availability of VTS Zatoka radars. Maritime Office, Gdynia, 2003.
[4] International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea, SOLAS (consolidated edition), International Maritime Organization, London, 2004.


Characteristics of multimodal transport regarding economic factors
M. BUKLJAŠ SKOČIBUŠIĆ, N. JOLIĆ, I. KOZINA
2010-01-06

Title:

Characteristics of multimodal transport regarding economic factors

Authors:

M. BUKLJAŠ SKOČIBUŠIĆ, N. JOLIĆ, I. KOZINA

Afiliation:

Faculty of Traffi c and Transport Sciences, University of Zagreb, Vukelićeva 4, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia Karlovačka pivovara, Dugovac 22, 47 000 Karlovac, Croatia

Keywords:

multimodal transport, transport operations, economic elements

Abstract:

Multimodal transport implementation allows connecting the point of origin and the point of destination in an optimal way. The goal of multimodal transport is to maximize the efficiency in connecting the economic elements of various traffic branches, i.e. their operations related to transport and communications, thus positively reducing the inventories of raw materials, semi-products and end products with the aim of increasing the balance in the overall economic system of a country. The development of multimodal transport and good organization of the traffic system make it possible to increase the existing and to generate new freight flows that would result in positive effects on the import-export balance

Bibliography:

[1] INCOTERMS 2000, Pravila za tumačenje trgovinskih termina međunarodne trgovinske komore (Rules for interpretation of trade terms of International Chamber of Economy), Zagreb, Croatian Chamber of Economy, 2000, (in Croatian)
[2] Management-Concept and Quality - Strategic Elements of Transport Logistics Services, Periodica Polytechnica, Ser. Soc. Man. Sci., 9, Hungary, (2001), 2, 2001
[3] Multimodal Transport Handbook, Geneva, UNCTAD, 1995
[4] NIKOLIĆ G.: Multimodalni transport u funkciji uključivanja Hrvatske u europski prometni sustav (Multimodal transport in the integration of Croatia into the European traffic system), Master thesis, Faculty of Economy in Rijeka, Rijeka, 2003, (in Croatian)
[5] Poletan Jugović, T.: Struktura preferencije kriterija pri izboru optimalnog prometnog pravca (Structure of criteria preferences in the selection of optimal traffic route), Pomorstvo, Vol. 20, No. 2., Rijeka, 2006, pp. 47-64, (in Croatian)
[6] RIXER, A., TOTH L., DUMA L., Management-Concept and Quality Strategic Elements of Transport-Logistics Services, Periodica Polytechnica, Ser. Soc, 9, Hungary, (2001), 2, p.153
[7] ZELENIKA R.: Pravo multimodalnog prometa (Multimodal traffic law), Faculty of Economy, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, 2006, (in Croatian)
[8] ZELENIKA R.: Multimodalni transportni sustavi (Multimodal transport systems), Faculty of Economy, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, 2006, (in Croatian)


Modes: bringing multi-modal information to the ITS architecture
P. DAVIES, K. VIRSHBO
2010-01-06

Title:

Modes: bringing multi-modal information to the ITS architecture

Authors:

P. DAVIES, K. VIRSHBO

Afiliation:

Castle Rock Associates, 6222 SW Virginia Ave., Suite 2, 97239-3628, Portland, OR, USA,

Keywords:

multimodal transport, transport operations, economic elements

Abstract:

Real-time transit management systems that can inform the public about transportation options and availability are gradually being deployed in many parts of the world. While many larger cities have been able to provide this information on web sites or through automated telephone systems for several years, smaller municipalities often lack the resources to develop their own transit management systems. Addressing this issue as a joint effort, transportation agencies in the multi-state North American CARS Program have cooperatively developed a real-time, multi-modal transit tracking and incident reporting system called Modes. Modes builds on the CARS road condition reporting system developed by 17 transportation agencies in North America. Modes extends the CARS software to include ferry, bus, and passenger rail services to the basic highway network information it manages. Modes was initially created to track the Alaska Marine Highway System’s extensive ferry system and has been successfully applied to New England’s popular Acadia National Park bus tracking system, three bus systems in Maine, 13 bus systems in Idaho (in progress), three bus systems and a light rail line in the Sacramento, California area (in progress), as well as the Amtrak Downeaster and Capitol Corridor rail lines

Bibliography:


Automated measurement of rail circuits parameters and harmonics of return tractive current to improve safety of movement
T. SERDYUK, V. GAVRILYUK
2010-01-06

Title:

Automated measurement of rail circuits parameters and harmonics of return tractive current to improve safety of movement

Authors:

T. SERDYUK, V. GAVRILYUK

Afiliation:

Chair of Automatics and Telecommunication, Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named acad. Lazaryana, Acad. Lazaryana street 2, 49010 Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine,

Keywords:

rail circuits, code current, harmonics, traction current, automated measurement

Abstract:

A method of automated measurement of rail circuits parameters and harmonics of return traction current has been elaborated. Th e mathematical model of traction network is proposed and allowed us to involve the action of diff erent sources of electromagnetic interference on the operation of rail circuits. The results of modelling allowed establishing that the rail circuits are exposed to a dangerous influence of return traction current near a locomotive and substation

Bibliography:

[1] SERDYUK T., GAVRILYUK V., “Research of electromagnetic influence of traction current and its harmonics on the rail circuits” in 17th Int. Wroclaw Symp. and Technical Exhibition on Electromagnetic Compatibility. Wroclaw, Poland, June 2004, pp.260-263.
[2] SERDYUK T. N.  AND GAVRILYUK V. I., “Automating system to control of parameters of code current in rails ”, Journal of Dniepropetrovsk national university of railway transport named acad. V. Lasaryana, Dniepropetrovsk, Ukraine, no. 3, 2004, pp. 15-20.
[3] SERDYUK T. N., GAVRILYUK V. I.,  “Interaction of electrosupply traction system of direct current with the rail circuits”, Information-operating system on railway transport, p.108-112, no. 4, 2007.
[4] Adonc G. T., Multipoles (Theory and methods of calculation). Yerevan, Armenia, 1965.
[5] SERDYUK T. N., GAVRILYUK V. I., “Experimental investigation influences in rail circuits”. Journal of Dniepropetrovsk national university of railway transport named acad. V. Lasaryana. Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, pp. 15-18, no. 9, 2005.
[6] SERDYUK T., GAVRILYUK V., “Distribution of harmonics of return traction current on feeder zone and evaluation of its influence on the work of rail circuits” 18th International Wroclaw Symposium and Exhibition on Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC’06. Wroclaw, Poland, p.467 – 470, 2006.
[7] SERDYUK T., GAVRILYUK V., “Rail circuits in the condition of electromagnetic influence of traction net” 18th International Wroclaw Symposium and Exhibition on Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC’06. Wroclaw, Poland, p.482-485, 2006.
[8] KOTLYARENKO N. F.  and other, Way’s block and autoregulation, Moscow, Russia: Transport, 1983.
[9] KOTELNIKOV A. V., NAUMOV A.V., SLOBODYANYUK L. P., Rail circuits in the conditions of influence of grounding devices. Moscow, Russia: Transport, 1990.


Analyses of safety-related message transmission
K. RÁSTOČNÝ, M. FRANEKOVÁ
2010-01-06

Title:

Analyses of safety-related message transmission

Authors:

K. RÁSTOČNÝ, M. FRANEKOVÁ

Afiliation:

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Zilina, Department of Control and Information Systems, Univerzitnå 1, 01026 Žilina, Slovakia

Keywords:

safety-critical applications, Safety Integrity Level, communication errors, closed transmission system, safety mechanisms, ratio counter, probability of undetected error

Abstract:

The analyses were aimed at determination of failure effects in the transmission system, which allow identifying the transition process of the system from a safety state (it may not be necessarily a failure – a free state) to a dangerous state and permit to calculate probability of the dangerous state occurrence of the system as a failure effect to the operating system. Dangerous states of the safety Fieldbus system are mainly caused by systematic failures within a specification of the system, electromagnetic interferences (EMI) and random failures of the HW effects.  The effects of electromagnetic interferences and random failures of HW can be described in the paper by the use of time table

Bibliography:

[1] EN 50159 – 1: Railway applications: Communication, signalling and processing systems - Part 1: Safety - related communication in closed transmission systems. 2002.
[2] EN 50159 – 2: Railway applications: Communication, signalling and processing systems - Part 2: Safety - related communication in open transmission systems.
[3] RÁSTOČNÝ K: Risk Analysis of a Railway Interlocking System. In Scientific Journal: Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering,  No. 3 - 4 Vol. 2/2003, pp. 24 -29,  ISSN 1336-1376, (in Slovak).
[4] www.iec.ch
[5] IEC 61784-3: Digital data communications for measurement and control. Part 3: Profiles for functional safety communications in industrial networks. 2007.
[6] IEC 61508: Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems. 1998.
[7] www.odva.org
[8] EN 50129: Railway application. Safety-related electronic systems for signalling. 2003.
[9] RÁSTOČNÝ K., FRANEKOVÁ M: Modelling of Safety Properties of Communication Systems. In Scientific Journal: Communications No. 1/2008, pp. 24-30, ISSN 1335-4205.
[10] FRANEKOVÁ M.: Mathematical Apparatus For Error Probability Determination of Block Code Decoders. In Scientific Journal: Communications No. 4/2008, pp. 59-63, ISSN 1335-4205.
[11] FRANEKOVÁ M., KÁLLAY F., PENIAK P., VESTENICKÝ, P.: Communication Safety of Industrial Network. Monograph. EDIS, ŽU Žilina, 2007
[12] ZELENKA J.: A Reaction of a safety-critical control system to failure. Dissertation Work, University of Žilina, 2009


Externalities and their infl uence on safety
A. KALAŠOVÁ
2010-01-06

Title:

Externalities and their influence on safety

Authors:

A. KALAŠOVÁ

Afiliation:

University of Zilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Department of Road and Urban Transport , Univerzitnå 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia

Keywords:

Intelligent Transport System, Traffic Flow Theory safety

Abstract:

Summary: Effective operation of transport depends on the correct costs fixing. The external cost – externality- is the cost or its part that disinterest its author but interests the other people who are not participating in it or who are its victims. Some externalities cannot be expressed in numbers, like the death, human suffering and damage of environment. Externalities interfere with effective division of resources within sectors. According to the study of EU, the road transport, with its 92%, is the biggest contributor to externalities.

Bibliography:

[1] KALAŠOVÁ, A.., STACHO, M.: Decrease in congestions is one of The most important factors for increase in safety in road transport .In: Modern Safety Technologies in Transportation 2005, Koťice, ISBN 80-969106-1-2
[2] KŘIVDA, V., OLIVKOVÁ,I., PAÄ˝O,J.,  RICHTÁŘ, M.: Transport Telematics. Published by EDIS Ĺ˝U in Ĺ˝ilina, 2009,  ISBN 978-80-8070-981-5
[3] DopravnĂ˝ podnik mesta Ĺ˝iliny  (Transport enterprise of Zielina), http://www.dpmz.sk, (22.06.2009)


Application of Polarx3 receiver in Egnos data collection network
O. ANTEMIJCZUK, K. A. CYRAN, E. WRÓBEL
2010-01-06

Title:

Application of Polarx3 receiver in Egnos data collection network

Authors:

O. ANTEMIJCZUK, K. A. CYRAN, E. WRÓBEL

Afiliation:

Institute of Informatics, Civil Aviation Personnel Education Centre of Central and Eastern Europe, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 16, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland

Keywords:

EGNOS, EDCN, GNSS, diff erential GPS

Abstract:

The paper describes the results of engagement into international cooperation within the EDCN network and it draws conclusions based on experience in monitoring of the EGNOS system. Experience gained by the authors in the EDCN project course is expected to have a serious impact on the research and development dedicated for enhancement of the reliability of the EDCN network. Therefore, in the paper not only current results of cooperation are presented, but also the challenging issues to be resolved in the future based on the conclusions drawn on experience gained

Bibliography:

[1] ESA official web site http://www.esa.int/esaNA/index.html
[2] EUROCONTROL EGNOS Data Collection Network http://edcn.pildo.com/web/home/
[3] EUROCONTROL Navigation Domain http://www.ecacnav.com/NSG_and_Task_Forces/EGNOS_Data_Collection_Network
[4] SOLEY S., Farnworth R., van den BERG A., KREMERS, R., SANZ J., MACABIAU Ch., FONSECA A., The Data Collection Network: EGNOS revealed
[5] Septentrio official web site http://www.septentrio.com/


Engine power factors monitoring
J. MIKULSKI, J. MŁYŃCZAK
2010-01-06

Title:

Engine power factors monitoring

Authors:

J. MIKULSKI, J. MŁYŃCZAK

Afiliation:

Faculty of Transport, Silesian University of Technology, Krasinskiego 8/201, 40-019 Katowice,
Poland

Keywords:

diesel engine, electric gear, power consumption, fuel consumption monitoring

Abstract:

In the article there was presented the issue of monitoring the fuel consumption of the diesel engines, together with the simultaneous comparison of consuming the energy due to exploitation and non- exploitation needs. Such approach allows one to detect even minimal illegal fuel consumption from electric engines, as well as enables continuous monitoring of the engine work and its power requirements

Bibliography:

[1] Hejłasz M., Sałkowski J.: Ultradźwiękowe urządzenie pomiaru paliwa UUPP1. Technika Transportu Szynowego 11-12/1995.
[2] System monitorowania zuĹźycia paliwa i wspierania procesĂłw logistycznych przewoĹşnika kolejowego. Konferencja „Nowoczesne rozwiązania dla taboru szynowego. Radiokomunikacja kolejowa”. Gdańsk, 2008 .
[3] Kowalik L.: Sposób pomiaru zużycia paliwa silników spalinowych sprzężonych z generatorem prądotwórczym i układ do pomiaru zużycia paliwa silników spalinowych sprzężonych z generatorem prądotwórczym. Zgłoszenie patentowe P-378736, 2006.
[4] Kowalik L., Chmielewski W., Szastok A.: Wykorzystanie systemu METRONIX do pomiaru zuĹźycia paliwa oraz detekcji pozaeksploatacyjnych ubytkĂłw paliwa w lokomotywach spalinowych, TTS 9/2008.
[5] Mikulski J., Młyńczak J.: Wykorzystanie systemu monitoringu GPS do oceny parametrów energetycznych lokomotyw spalinowych, Jubileuszowy Kongres SEP, Warszawa, 2009.
[6] Szychta E.: „High Frequency Voltage Multimeter with an Additional Resonant Circuit” , Jakość i UĹźytkowanie Energii Elektrycznej, 1-2/2004.


Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in transportation
J. FLORCZAK
2010-01-06

Title:

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in transportation

Authors:

J. FLORCZAK

Afiliation:

ESRI Polska, Bonifraterska 17, 00-203 Warsaw, Poland

Keywords:

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Abstract:

GIS for transportation is an important planning and management tool for transportation professionals. Well built network data sets and decades of GIS modelling experience enables sophisticated analysis, such as optimal routing and allocation also on multimodal systems as combined street, railway. In addition, can play a significant role in decisions related to the new location of transport or logistical infrastructure

Bibliography

[1] 10th World Level Crossing Symposium. Safety and Trespass Prevention. http://www.levelcrossing2008.com/
[2] JANOTA A. et al.: Safety of European Railw ay Level Crossings. Electronic Proceedings of the Conference ITS Prague’07, Prague: May 15-16, 2007 (14 p.), ISBN 978-80-239-9311-0, (in Slovak)
[3] SELCAT Knowledge Management System: http://www.levelcrossing.net
[4] SLOVÁK R. et al.: Level Crossing Safety Performance Monitoring by Web based Knowledge Management System. Proc. of the 10th World Level Crossing Symposium. Safety and Trespass Prevention, Paris: 24-26 June 2008 (s. 19-32)
[5] IMPASTATO S.: LC technology in Europe and third Targeted Country LC Research. Proc. of the 2nd SELCAT Workshop, Marrakech: 22-23 November 2007
[6] SCHÄFFER W., SLOVÁK R.: Overview on legislative background of level crossings. Proc. of the 2nd SELCAT Workshop, Marrakech: 22-23 November 2007
[7] ÖÖRNI R. et al.: Use of fi xed and wireless communication Technologies in level crossing applications. Proceedings of the 2nd SELCAT Workshop, Marrakech: 22-23 November 2007
[8] WOODS M.: Use of Risk Models and Risk Assessments for Level Crossings. 3rd SELCAT Workshop, Paris, 23 June 2008
[9] ČAPKA M.: Computer Technique Used to Design, Select and Compare Classifi cation Regulations, Railway Transport and Logistics, http://zdal.utc.sk/eng/, 1/2006, Žilina, ISSN 1336-7943
[10] PŘIBYL O., GOULIAS K. G.: Simulation of daily activity patterns incor porating interactions within households – Algorithm overview and performance. In: Traveller Behaviour and Values 2005, Transportation Research Report, Issue 1926, pp 135-141, 2005


Upgrading eCall system by its closer co-operation with selected ITS subsystems
H. GUT-MOSTOWY
2010-01-06

Title:

Upgrading eCall system by its closer co-operation with selected ITS subsystems

Authors:

H. GUT-MOSTOWY

Afiliation:

National Institute of Telecommunications; also University College of Technology and Business in Warsaw, Szachowa 1, 04-894 Warszawa, Poland

Keywords:

intelligent transport system - ITS, emergency call system - eCall, co-operation eCall with ITS subsystems

Abstract:

The paper shows a general profile of the Intelligent Transport Systems, concept of physical architecture, edge elements and application areas of these systems. An interaction of emergency call system with selected subsystems of ITS environment, such as: management of traffic, management of emergency vehicles and subsystem of future intelligent roads, is also discussed.

Bibliography:

[1] Document o EU Committee, Second communiqué of the Commission on eSafety. Brussel, 2005
[2] EN 12253:2004, Dedicated Short-Range Communication - Physical layer using microwave at 5.8 GHz (review)
[3] EN 12795:2002, Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) - DSRC Data link layer: Medium Access and Logical Link Control (review)
[4] EN 12834:2002, Dedicated Short-Range Communication - Application layer (review)
[5] EN 13372:2004, Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) - DSRC profi les for RTTT applications (review)
[6] KLOTZ, M., ROHLING, H.: A High Resolution Radar System Network for parking Aid Applications. 5th International Conference On Radar Systems, Brest/France, May 1999
[7] LITWIN M., KRUKOWSKI P.: Czym jest ITS (What it is ITS), Przegląd ITS nr 0, November 2007, (in Polish)
[8] WWW page, Automobile safety, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.htm
[9] WWW page. eCall; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.htm
[10] WWW page, Dedicated Short Range Communications, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.htm
[11] WWW page Ertico ITS Europe, First steps taken towards intelligent roads in Austria, March 2007
[12] WWW page, Proposed MSD Content for eCall, Safety Forum
[13] WWW page of Murray Charles J.: Management of accidents, www.designnews.pl
[14] WWW page of GIROADS, Intelligent Roads, http://www.intelligentroads.org/
[15] GUT H.: Komunikacja elektroniczna w nowoczesnym transporcie (Electronic communication in modern transport), Seminarium „Telematyka Transportu”, WST-E – IŁ, Warszawa, 2006, (in Polish)
[16] NOWACKI G., MIKULSKI J. et al..: Podstawy telematyki transportu drogowego (Basics of road transport telematics), Wydawnictwo Naukowe Instytutu Transportu Samochodowego, Warszawa 2009, (in Polish)
[17] WYDRO K. B.: Jak budować Krajową Architekturę ITS? (How to create a national ITS Architecture?), Przegląd ITS, z. 5, 2008, (in Polish)



National Automatic Toll Collection System for motorways, expressways and other roads
G. NOWACKI, I. MITRASZEWSKA, T. KAMIŃSKI, A. NIED
2010-01-06

Title:

National Automatic Toll Collection System for motorways, expressways and other roads

Authors:

G. NOWACKI, I. MITRASZEWSKA, T. KAMIŃSKI, A. NIEDZICKA

Afiliation:

Management and Transport Telematics Centre, Motor Transport Institute, 80 Jagiellońska Street, 03-301 Warsaw, Poland

Keywords:

European Electronic Toll Service(EETS), microwave technology

Abstract:

The paper refers to some problems of European Electronic Tolling Service (EETS) implementation in Poland. Motor Transport Institute has developed the structure of the National Automatic Toll Collection System (NATCS). It consists of National Automatic Toll Collection Centre (NATCC), OBU and control subsystem. NATCS system is based on a combination of mobile communications using the GSM-GPRS standard technology, the satellite-based global positioning system (GPS) and 5,8 GHz microwave technology. An innovative element of NATCS is the On-Board Unit (OBU), which automatically calculates the amount of charge due taking into account the vehicle category (admissible weight, number of axles), road distance and the emissions class (ecological aspect). The control subsystem distinguishes between automatic enforcement through control gates, enforcement by mobile teams, and patrol teams. This presented kind of system is the best toll solution for Poland because of unique capabilities

Bibliography:

[1] Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems in the Community. OJ of the EU, L 166/132, 30.04.2004.
[2] SPRINGER J. RCI Steering Committee vice chair TOLL COLLECT, Final report, Road Charging Interoperability. RCI project consortium, the European Commission DG TREN, November 2008.
[3] Proposition of Commission Decision [version 13] on the defi nition of the European Electronic Toll Service and its technical elements. Commission of the European Communities (SEC 2009).
[4] Th e Act from 7 of November 2008 on changing act of public roads and some other acts. Offi cial Journal of Polish Republic 2008, No 218, position 1391.
[5] http://www.fela.ch/
[6] Nationwide automatic system for toll collection, Berlin 6 October 2008


Possibilities of telemonitoring systems in railway traffic
T. BÉCSI, S. ARADI
2010-01-06

Title:

Possibilities of telemonitoring systems in railway traffic

Authors:

T. BÉCSI, S. ARADI

Afiliation:

Department of Control and Transport Automation, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Bertalan L. str. 8, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary,

Keywords:

communication, GPS, railway, telemonitoring

Abstract:

The need for the use of a telematic system is also affecting the railways to ensure on-line and up-to-date information on the transport operations. This paper presents the current state of the system development, and its position in the global informatics system of the Hungarian State Railway Co. The article also outlines the main attributes of the developed fl eet management system and the future development plans.

Bibliography:

[1] iP, TCP, UDP specifi cation; http://tools.ietf.org
[2] DICSŐ K., MARCSINÁK L.: Today and future of onboard systems; Hungarian Rail Technology Journal 2006/3. pp. 11-15.
[3] ISO/IE C 7498-1, Information Technology – Open Systems Interconnection – Basic Reference Model: The Basic Model, 1994
[4] XML Schema , http://www.w3.org/XML/Schema, 2004.
[5] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.1 (Second Edition); http://www.w3.org/TR/xml11
[6] BÉCSI T., ARADI SZ.: Reliability of Data Transfer and Handling in Railway Telemonitoring Systems, FORMS/FORMAT 2008, Budapest
[7] ARADI SZ.: Telemonitoring Syst em with Locomotive On-Board Computer; Hungarian Rail Technology Journal 2007/1. pp. 27-8.


Characterization framework for road transport telematic services
G. MBIYDZENYUY
2010-01-06

Title:

Characterization framework for road transport telematic services

Authors:

G. MBIYDZENYUY

Afiliation:

School of Computing, Blekinge Institute of Technology Sweden, 374 24, Karlshamn, Sweden,

Keywords:

transport, heavy goods vehicle, telematic services, framework, categories, analysis

Abstract:

In order to conduct analysis for the evaluation of benefits derived from Transport Telematic Services (TTS), supporting decisions about architecture design options, it is necessary to establish a characterization framework. Th is study identifies potentially relevant TTSs for Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) Transport, potential users and domain of usage for the services and present these in a useful framework for conducting analysis toward a holistic understanding of telematic services e.g. impact analysis, benefits analysis etc. An illustrative example employing the framework has been presented.

Bibliography:

[1] McQUEEN Bob & Judy, “ITS architectures”, pages 89-97, 1999.
[2] D3.1, V3, “European ITS framework architecture, functional viewpoint” pages 9&10, IST, 2004
[3] DIRECTIVE 2006/38/EC of the European parliament amending Directive 1999/62/EC on the charging of HGV, Journal of the European Union L 159/8
[4] KENIS E. & WILS G., “Assessment of the added value of a single platform and ISA for traffi c and road safety management” Flemish Road Authority, Proceedings of the 10th ITS Congress, Madrid, Spain, 2003
[5] EasyWay Project, “Core European ITS Services and Actions Deliverable 2 from ES6 Ver 1.0 2008
[6] EC, DGB-1049 “Road transport policy, open roads across Europe” published by EC, Energy and Transport, Brussels, 2006
[7] ERF, “ Bringing GNSS-based road pricing a step closer to maturity” GINA Project Secretariat, European Union Road Federation (ERF), Brussels 2009
[8] FHA-US- DOT, “ITS user services document ”A Report prepared for the Federal Highway Administration- US DOT, Washington D.C. 20590, 2005
[9] ISO/TR 14813-1, “Intelligent Transport Systems- Reference model architecture(s) for the ITS sector”- Part 1, ITS Service Domains, Service Groups and services, 2007
[10] ISO/TR 14813-1, Intelligent Transport Systems- Reference Model Architecture(s) for the ITS sector- Part 1, ITS Service Domains, Service Groups and services, 1999
[11] ITS Japan, “System architecture for ITS Japan-detailed definition of user services”, by National Police Agency, Ministry of International Trade and Industry ... 1999.
[12] SUNDBERG J., “Candidates for value added services to distance based road user charging”, ITS Europe, Aalborg 2007
[13] SUNDBERG J., JANUSSON U., SJÖSTRÖM T., “A kilometre tax for heavy goods vehicles in Sweden – A conceptual systems design Part 1”: Requirements and preconditions Version 0.93, 2007-01-18
[14] HWANG J., WEISS M.B.H., “Service diff erentiation economic models and analysis of market-based QoS interconnections” Telematics and Informatics 25 (2008) 262–279
[15] PIARC, “ITS Handbook” 2nd Ed, page 206, ISBN 2-84060-174-5, Publisher Andrew Barriball, 2004
[16] Proposition 2005/06:160; “Governmental Proposition on modern transport” (Moderna transporter) Stockholm 2005
[17] SIKA, “Swedish national and international transport road goods transport, fi rst quarter 2006” Statens institut för kommunikationsanalys, Vägtrafi k, 2006: 21
[18] SOU:63; ”Governmental Commission on road traffic taxation”, (Skatt pa väg; Vägtrafi kskatteutredningen) Stockholm 2004.
[19] SJÖSTRÖM T., “Integration of added value services with distance based road user charges” 14th ITS world congress, 2006
[20] TR 1103 CODE, “Co-ordinated dissemination in Europe of Transport Telematic Achievements”pages 26-33, TAP, 4th Framework Program, 1999.
[21] DIETZ U, “Ecall a suitable basis for future telematic services” ITS Europe, Aalborg 2007
[22] VERWEIJ K, ter BRUGGE R, BALLHAUS F, “General Evaluation Framework to assess the impact of ATT applications in freight transport”, Source Toward ITS, proceedings of the fi st world congress on applications of transport telematics and in-vehicle highway systems, 1452-9, vol. 3, 1995
[23] WU R. & TURTLE S., “To achieve a common operational picture in ITS today”


Railway geolocation and communication-management platforms
F. CATALÁN RAMOS, I. PRIETO VALDERREY, A. HERNÁN
2010-01-06

Title:

Railway geolocation and communication-management platforms

Authors:

F. CATALÁN RAMOS, I. PRIETO VALDERREY, A. HERNÁNDEZ BAJO

Afiliation:

GMV, c/Isaac Newton 11, P.T.M. Tres Cantos, E-28760 Madrid, Spain

Keywords:

transport, heavy goods vehicle, telematic services, framework, categories,
analysis

Abstract:

The article gives a technical and functional description of the onboard tracking and communicationsmanagement platforms, as well as their associated control centres, supplied by GMV for the whole fleet of railway locomotives and motor cars of the Spanish railway operator RENFE

Bibliography:


Development trends and risks of railroad crossings
A. JANOTA, J. SPALEK, J. ŠEBEŇOVÁ
2010-01-06

Title:

Development trends and risks of railroad crossings

Authors:

A. JANOTA, J. SPALEK, J. ŠEBEŇOVÁ

Afiliation:

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Žilina, Univerzitnå 8251/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia

Keywords:

railroad level crossing, risk analysis, safety, ERA, research projects

Abstract:

The application of new technologies on railroad crossings goes along with many questions, which answering should forego the implementation itself. The paper presents basic problems of crossings and the classifi cation of generic railroad crossings according to the European Railway Agency. Therefore the goal of this paper is to present the current state and prospects in the field of railroad crossings in the light of the present-day situation, whereby the major attention is aimed at two fields – new technologies and overview of risk analysis methods applied worldwide on railroad crossings

Bibliography:

[1] 10th World Level Crossing Symposium. Safety and Trespass Prevention. http://www.levelcrossing2008.com/
[2] JANOTA A. et al.: Safety of European Railway Level Crossings. Electronic Proceedings of the Conference ITS Prague’07, Prague: May 15-16, 2007 (14 p.), ISBN 978-80-239-9311-0, (in Slovak)
[3] SELCAT Knowledge Management System: http://www.levelcrossing.net
[4] SLOVÁK R. et al.: Level Crossing Safety Performance Monitoring by Web based Knowledge Management System. Proc. of the 10th World Level Crossing Symposium. Safety and Trespass Prevention, Paris: 24-26 June 2008 (s. 19-32)
[5] IMPASTATO S.: LC technology in Europe and third Targeted Country LC Research. Proc. of the 2nd SELCAT Workshop, Marrakech: 22-23 November 2007
[6] SCHÄFFER W., SLOVÁK R.: Overview on legislative background of level crossings. Proc. of the 2nd SELCAT Workshop, Marrakech: 22-23 November 2007
[7] ÖÖRNI R. et al.: Use of fixed and wireless communication Technologies in level crossing applications. Proceedings of the 2nd SELCAT Workshop, Marrakech: 22-23 November 2007
[8] WOODS M.: Use of Risk Models and Risk Assessments for Level Crossings. 3rd SELCAT Workshop, Paris, 23 June 2008
[9] ČAPKA M.: Computer Technique Used to Design, Select and Compare Classification Regulations, Railway Transport and Logistics, http://zdal.utc.sk/eng/, 1/2006, Žilina, ISSN 1336-7943
[10] PŘIBYL O., GOULIAS K. G.: Simulation of daily activity patterns incor porating interactions within households – Algorithm overview and performance. In: Traveller Behaviour and Values 2005, Transportation Research Report, Issue 1926, pp 135-141, 2005


Guarantee of constant train approach warning time at level crossing system
V. KMET, K. RASTOCNY
2010-01-05

Title:

Guarantee of constant train approach warning time at level crossing system

Authors:

V. KMET, K. RASTOCNY

Afiliation:

Department of Control and Information Systems, University of  Zilina, Univerzitna 1, 01026 Zilina, Slovakia

Keywords:

level crossing, train approach warning time, speed discriminator, safety

Abstract:

This paper deals with an optimisation problem of train approach warning time at an automatic level crossing system. It discusses possibilities for reducing the train approach warning time and benefits resulting from speed discriminators application.

Bibliography:

[1] POUPĚ, O. ET AL.: Safety Engineering in the Railway Transport 2. NADAS Praha, 1989, ISBN 80-7030-073-6.
[2] ROBERSHAW, P. -  DUGUAY, P. -  GLOVER, M.: Reducing the Costs of Level Crossing Safety Enhancement. Conference IRSE ASPECT 2006: Quality of Service Through Signalling and Communications.
[3] ZÁHRADNÍK, J. - RÁSTOČNÝ, K.: Applications of Railway Signalling System. EDIS – University of Ĺ˝ilina, 2006, ISBN 80-8070-546-1.
[4] STN P 34 2651: Railway Level Crossing Installations. 1999.



Key Management System in ETCS
M. FRANEKOVÁ, P. CHRTIANSKY
2010-01-05

Title:

Key Management System in ECTS

Authors:

M. FRANEKOVÁ(a), P. CHRTIANSKY(b)

Afiliation:

(a) Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Žilina, Univerzitnå 1, 01026 Žilina, Slovakia,
(b) Tempest, a. s., PlynĂĄrenskĂĄ 7/B, 821 09 Bratislava, Slovakia

Keywords:

mobile communications, open transmission system, key management system, radio block centre, key management centre,  on board unit, brute force attack, birthday paradox

Abstract:

The paper deals with problems of KMS (Key Management System), which is developed in mobile communications GSM-R (Global System Mobile for Railway) recommended within the European Train Control System (ETCS), through the Euroradio system. The main part is oriented to safety procedures description of off-line KMS system between communication entities of ETCS system. In the experimental part the results of computational safety of modified DES algorithm are summarised using special brute force attack to key – birthday paradox

Bibliography:

[1] UIC EIRENE SRS: System Requirements Specification, 2006, PSA167D006-15
[2] UIC EIRENE FRS: Functional Requirements Specification, 2006, PSA167D005-7
[3] ZÁHRADNÍK J. - RÁSTOČNÝ K.: Applications of interlocking systems, EDIS, ŽU Žilina, 2006, ISBN 80-8070-546-1
[4] EN  50159-2: Railway applications – Communication, signalling and processing systems. Part 2: Safety-related communication in open transmission systems, 1998
[5] Subset-038: Off-line Key Management FIS, 2005, v 2.1.9
[6] Subset-037: Euroradio FIS, 2005, v2.2.5, rev. G
[7] FIS between trackside sub-systems, Safe application service, version 8_0, 2002
[8] STALLINGS W.: Cryptography and Network  Security, Prentice Hall, New Yersey, 2003
[9] BIHAM E.: How to Forge DES-Encrypted Messages in 228 Steps, Technical Report, Department of Computer Science, Technion, Haifa, 1996, CS 884


Execution of contradictory commands in automatic line block system
W. OLPIŃSKI
2010-01-05

Title:

Execution of contradictory commands in automatic line block system

Authors:

W. OLPIŃSKI

Afiliation:

Railway Scientific and Technical Centre, Chłopickiego 50, 04-275 Warszawa, Poland,

Keywords:

railways, signalling, line block

Abstract:

The automatic line block system may be constructed as a chain of autonomous distributed set of functional blocks located along a railway line section, interlocked by the data transmission subsystem and controlled from two ends of the section. Thus, a certain possibility of simultaneously issued contradictory commands creating conflicts during their execution to be settled by a functional block controlled by them particularly while the data transmission subsystem failure occurs have to be considered. Testing of automatic line block system proper functioning in a range of reaction to contradictory commands and examples of typical conflicts and general rules of solving them are discussed in the paper.

Bibliography:

[1] EN 50129:2007, Railway applications: Safety related electronic systems.
[2] EN50159-1:2001, Railway Applications: Communication, Signalling, and Processing Systems - Part 1: Safety-related Communication In Closed Transmission Systems.
[3] OLPIŃSKI W., Opinion on automatic line block SHL-12 type in single section version., CNTK, task 4171/10, Warsaw, December 2006.
[4] OLPIŃSKI W., TORUŃ A., Automatic line block SHL-1 computer system adapted to co-operation with Ebilock 950 type interlocking system. Technical opinion., CNTK, task 4250/10, Warsaw, June 2007.
[5] OLPIŃSKI W., TORUŃ A., Rapport from exploitation test of the automatic line block system SHL-1 version 01 type., task 4283.04/10, Warsaw, May 2008.
[6] OLPIŃSKI W., Automatic line block SHL-1 version 01 type. Technical opinion., CNTK, task 4283.04/10, Warsaw, September 2008.
[7] OLPIŃSKI W., Automatic line block SHL-12 version 02 computer system. Technical opinion, CNTK, task 4362.04.10, Warsaw, March 2009.
[8] Principles of Technical Approval for Signalling and Communications Technology - Mu 8004, Deutsche Bundesbahn..
[9] Safety requirements for railway signalling systems introduced as binding by General Direction of Polish State Railways document no. KA2b-5400-01/98, Warsaw, February 1998.


Study of standards and national ITS architectures within the E-FRAME project
Z. BĚLINOVÁ, P BUREŠ
2010-01-05

Title:

Study of standards and national its architectures within the e-frame project

Authors:

Z. BĚLINOVÁ  P. BUREĹ 

Afiliation:

Faculty of Transportation Sciences, Czech Technical University in Prague, KonviktskĂĄ 20, 110 00, Praha 1, Czech Republic

Keywords:

ITS architecture, European FRAME architecture, E-FRAME, standards, cooperative systems

Abstract:

Modern Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are now being widely deployed; in order to ensure that these deployments will bring maximum benefit to end users and other stakeholders, an ITS architecture, which defines how the deployed system would fit into overall ITS structure, has to be defined. Help is available to achieve these goals from the European ITS Framework (FRAME) Architecture, now being upgraded by the European project E-FRAME. Within this project also the importance of mutual influence between standards and architecture is judged

Bibliography:

[1] GAILLET J.-FR., et al.: “Deployment approach and scenarios”, CEC DG-Information Society 4th Framework Project “KAREN”, Deliverable D4.2, Brussels, 2000.
[2] JESTY P.H., BOSSOM R.A.P.: Using the FRAME Architecture for Planning Integrated Intelligent Transport Systems. EATIS 2009. Prague
[3] SVITEK M.: Intelligent transport systems - architecture design methodology and practical implementation, WSEAS, Malta, IASME 2005
[4] www.frame-online.net


CARS (Condition Acquisition Reporting System) and the CARS Group
P. DAVIES, K. VIRSHBO
2010-01-05

Title:

CARS (Condition Acquisition Reporting System) and the CARS Group

Authors:

P. DAVIES, K. VIRSHBO

Afiliation:

Castle Rock Associates, 6222 SW Virginia Ave., Suite 2, 97239-3628, Portland, OR, USA,

Keywords:

computer applications, traffi c management, organizations, public services, computer-aided operation

Abstract:

Throughout the 1990s and beyond, transportation agencies in the U.S. and Canada identified a need for condition reporting systems, both for internal traffic management and for sharing real-time information with the public, and in 1997, four states in the U.S. pooled their resources to build a first-generation condition reporting system, reducing the cost to each individual agency while also offering the opportunity to collaborate on the requirements and design for the new system. The result of this multi-agency effort was CARS (Condition Acquisition Reporting System), which is an ITS standards-based system that allows authorized agency users to enter, view, and share critical road, travel, weather and traffic information. CARS has subsequently been deployed by 17 agencies in the U.S. and Canada, including state departments of transportation, cities/municipalities, and toll authorities - and the group continues to grow. This presentation will discuss the history of the CARS Group and its developments, while also discussing opportunities for expanding it to transportation agencies in other parts of the world.

Bibliography:


Computer simulation of electromagnetic interference from railway electric power system harmonics
V. GAVRILYUK, A. ZAVGORODNIJ, A. MYRGORODSKA
2010-01-05

Title:

Computer simulation of electromagnetic interference from railway electric power system harmonics

Authors:

V. GAVRILYUK, A. ZAVGORODNIJ, A. MYRGORODSKA

Afiliation:

Chair of Automatics and Telecommunication, Dnepropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, Acad. Lazaryan str. 2, 49010 Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

Keywords:

electromagnetic interference, track lines

Abstract:

In this work a computer simulation was carried out for traction current harmonics distribution in rail lines generated by several locomotives in a feeder zone. The inductive and conductive interference in rail circuits was investigated for two AC rail tracks, as well as for different types AC and DC parallel rail tracks

Bibliography:

[1] BADER M.P.,  Elektromagnitnaja sovmestimost (Electromagnetic compatibility). UMK MPS, Moskva, 2002, (in Russian).
[2] CARSON J. R., Wave propagation in overhead wires with ground return / Bell System Technical Journal, 1926, Vol. 5, 539-554.
[3] DERI A., TEVAN G., SEMLYEN A., and CASTANHEIRA A., The complex ground return plane: a simplified model for homogeneous and multilayer earth return / IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, 1981, Vol. 100(8), 3686-3693.
[4] HILL R.J., Electric Railway Traction. Part 7. Electromagnetic interference in traction systems / Power Engineering Journal, December 1997, pp 259-266
[5] KOSAREV A.B., Osnovi teorii elektromagnitnoj sovmestimosti system tiagovogo elektrosnabgenija peremennogo toka (The bases of electromagnetic compatibility AC track current supply systems). Intekst, Moskva, 2004, (in Russian).
[6] NEINMAN L.R., Poverkhnostnij effect v feromagnitnikh telakh GEI (Skin-effect in ferromagnetic, GEI), Leningrad-Moskva, 1949, (in Russian).
[7] WANG Y.-J., Analysis of the skin effect for calculating frequency-dependent impedance of the TRTS power rail / Proc. Natl. Sci.Counc.ROC(A). Vol. 23., No 3, pp. 419-428.


Air law and economic policy
A. NOVÁK SEDLÁČKOVÁ
2010-01-05

Title:

Air law and economic policy

Authors:

A. NOVÁK SEDLÁČKOVÁ

Afiliation:

University of Žilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Air Transport Department, Univerzitnå , 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia

Keywords:

air law, sources of law, civil aviation, economic policy, and regulation of airports

Abstract:

This paper addresses the air law and economic policy and the future trends in these fields. Principles and sources of this branch of law are specified in the context of civil aviation. The situation, where we can find civil aviation law in cooperation with economic policy is the economic regulation of airports

Bibliography:

[1] DIEDERIKS-VERSCHOOR. I. H. Ph.: An Introduction to Air Law, Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, Deventer/Netherlands, 1985, ISBN 90 6544 224 3
[2] CHALMERS D., HADJIEMAMNUIL CH., MOONTI G.,TOMKINS A.: European Union Law. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007, ISBN 978-0-521-52741-5
[3] HARRISON A.L., DALKIRAN E., ELSEY E.: International Business, Global Competition from a European Perspective, Oxford University Press, 2000, New York, ISBN 0-19-878213-6
[4] LAPLACE I., LENOIR N., MALAVOLTI-GRIMAL E., KAZDA A., TOMOVA A., BADANIK B.: Future Airport Strategies, In: CARE- 7-th EUROCONTROL Innovative Research Workshop & Exhibition, December 2008
[5] TRETHEWAY M.: Airport ownership, management and price regulation, InterVISTAS Consulting Inc. Research conducted for the Canada Transportation Act Review, March 2001
[6] de NEUFVILL R.: Management of multi-airport systems: a development strategy, Working paper, Technology and Policy program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Computer-based interlocking
J. LECHNER
2010-01-05

Title:

Computer-based interlocking

Authors:

J. LECHNER

Afiliation:

AŽD Praha s.r.o., Žirovnickå 2/3146, 106 17 Praha 10, Czech Republic

Keywords:

computer-based interlocking, safety, communication protocol, object controller, decentralization, centralised traffic control, diagnostics

Abstract:

Computer based interlocking ESA 33 is a modern electronic interlocking that meets requirements of SIL 4 safety integrity level in accordance with specification EN 50 129. It consists of 3 levels, commanding, control and executive. Control level works on principle 2x2oo2. Executive level works on the principle 2oo2. It is possible to connect up to 12 commanding computers to the control level

Bibliography:


Review of the current situation of TSI TAP implementation in Poland
R. KRUK, B. BARTOSIK
2010-01-04

This Technical Specification of Interoperability refers to the passenger carriage subsystem of the trans-European conventional railway system. This TSI relates to different aspects of passenger carriage, including providing passengers with information before and during their travel. This paper shows the proposed range of TSI TAP use, as well as the state of adaptation to the requirements of TSI TAP of the currently operating computer systems.


Electronic tolling schemes – integrated platform for toll collection and value added services
U. LEINBERGER
2010-01-04

Complex intelligent systems based on GNSS and GSM can be operated with very high security, reliability and availability even in very large fleets. This is clearly demonstrated by Toll Collect since its start. Even now they are economical and competitive.


A system for monitoring and analysis of vehicular traffic
M. MARKIEWICZ, M. SKOMOROWSKI
2010-01-04

The main purpose of the system described in this paper is optimization of traffic in the city by collecting and analyzing data related to traffic flow. Devices used in the process of collecting traffic information are installed in vehicles and send the information about current vehicle’s position and momentary speed. Based on that it is possible to find the best routes for any two points in the city.


Advanced fleet management systems for public transport
C. HERNANDEZ MEDEL, M. A. MARTINEZ OLAGÜE, A. MAR
2010-01-04

The objective of this paper is to present the latest findings and trends in the evolutions of fleet management systems for public transport. The architecture of the current systems will be analysed together with the expected evolutions.


Monitoring of diesel-electric locomotives - fleeteye-rail
V. MIKOLAJEK
2010-01-04

FleetEye-Rail is the system serving for monitoring of diesel-electric locomotive fleet. It locates locomotive position by the GPS technology, communicates with driver and acquires and processes various operational parameters.


Political plans of toll collection in Poland
J. MIKULSKI, K. KĘDZIORA
2010-01-04

Changes in the act on Public Roads and some other acts are intended to implement in Polish law the provisions of European Parliament Directive 2006/38/EC on fee collection for use of some types of infrastructure by heavy vehicles. According to the bill submitted to the Polish Parliament (Sejm) by the government, the vignette system was to cease to operate on 1st July 2008. After the works undertaken by Infrastructure Commission some changes was introduced to the bill to the act on public roads. The main changes concern maintain the vignettes up to the half of 2011 and introducing the electronic fee system from 1st July 2011, also rise the vignette charges to stabilise the NRF’s budget for next three years. The paper present the evolution of legislative path accompanied constructing motorways in Poland.


The European information system for travellers RDS-TMC
J. MŁYŃCZAK, K. KĘDZIORA
2010-01-04

The role of TTI is an effective supporting the use of transport network for example, in order to improve the capacity and to shorten travel time, delays, fuel consumption. In the time of increasing traffic congestion on the road network, especially on EU freight corridors and in cities, the RDS-TMC deliver the alternatives and it facilitate traveller information by providing powerful travel planning tools. Establishing a national RDS-TMC system is the goal for Poland not only because approaching EURO 2012 but mainly to join to other European countries and as they enjoy the benefits of TMC service. All actions must be supported by the agreement of all players in the information chain which creating the TMC service: ministerial bodies, civil/public services, public road authorities, public broadcasters, road users and industry. Only clear and transparency system of responsibility for maintenance and overseeing could guarantee the high reliability and correct work of TMC service.


History and development of transport telematics
G. NOWACKI
2010-01-04

The paper refers to theoretical basis and history of transport telematics. The definition of transport telematics and its synonymous term - Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) were described. Furthermore the development of transport telematics has been presented, especially general policy of many ITS associations all over the world: ITSS, ERTICO, ITS America, Australia, Japan and Poland. Finally, the applications of transport telematics and basic standards have been characterized.


GNSS technologies for electronic toll collection
M. A. MARTINEZ OLAGÜE, J. COSMEN- SCHORTMANN
2010-01-04

Problems with infrastructure financing, pollution and congestion are leading different countries to the implementation of Road Pricing schemes. GNSS appears as one of the most flexible and cost efficient technologies for the implementation of large ETC systems. However, due to the nature of GNSS with random and occasionally large position errors, GNSS based ETC still has some constraints that need to be overcome. The use of a signal with guaranteed integrity, as the one available in WAAS or EGNOS combined with advanced OBU algorithms provides an efficient solution that guarantees the correctness of the charging. This paper presents the results of the trials in which this technology has been used and demonstrates how the probability of overcharging can be controlled and dramatically reduced in a GNSS-only system. These trials have been executed in London, Madrid and The Netherlands.


Utilisation of the databases for maritime safety control
T. STUPAK, R. WAWRUCH
2010-01-04

Different databases about merchant navy ships are utilized or introduced in Poland: Polish Harbors Information & Control System (PHICS) allowing to collect data concerning vessels visiting Polish ports, database of the Automatic Identification System (Helsinki Commission Service) collecting in real time information transmitted by ships sailing in the Baltic Sea area and enabling its distribution to maritime administrations of all Baltic States, global Long Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) system extending ships monitoring outside GMDSS A1 areas and Information Processing System (IPS) which is a database about ships visiting the area of the Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) Zatoka Gdańska. Usage possibilities of these five databases for maritime safety and security control will be analyzed in this paper.


Intelligent management technology of transport system
J. SZPYTKO, P. HYLA
2010-01-04

The globalisation poses new challenges in the management of the individual areas of human life, particularly in the transportation. Therefore all useful techniques, especially ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems) are sought. The ITS improves transportation safety and mobility and enhances productivity through the use of advanced communications technologies.


Challenges for logistics in the pinnacle of motorsports - Formula 1
T. DĘBICKI
2008-11-11

The article refers to the challenges for the logistics which comes together with the organization of big sports events. The article is based on the example of the most demanding discipline which is Formula 1. It is here, where besides the latest technologies and the best drivers in the world, the latest methods of managements are applied as well as modern logistics techniques. New ideas of modern logistics were born in this highly demanding field. The logistics issues will be followed by very important aspects in preparing to the season, the race, and the qualifying that is the analysis of telemetric data, which is transferred from the car to the garage every time the car is on track.


Integration of logistic services quality in telematics
J. FIGURA
2008-11-11

Article is present talk away integration quality services telematics. Presentation of result of author research is purpose of article over quality of logistical services at utilization of instrument among chosen operators of logistical functioning services in the area of Poland telematics. That takes be object of consideration author analysis of character and it takes a stand among quality of logistical services essence of rate that but telematics, but particularly, it part, which forms level of competitiveness in conditions of markets of logistical services.


Linux w kaĹźdym garaĹźu?
2007-05-28

Rząd Stanów Zjednoczonych i koalicja wiodących firm przemysłu samochodowego postawiła sobie za cel wyposażenie każdego samochodu i każdej drogi w Ameryce w komputery pracujące na Linuksie i komunikujące się poprzez sieć bezprzewodową. Konsorcjum Vehicle Infrastructure Integration Consortium (VII-C) ma nadzieję, że zmniejszy to wskaźniki śmiertelności wypadków, zredukuje korki i przygotuje samochody współpracy z innymi systemami do roku 2017.

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BEZPIECZEŃSTWO OPROGRAMOWANIA SYSTEMU STEROWANIA RUCHEM KOLEJOWYM
Andrzej Lewiński, Katarzyna Trzaska
2006-08-22

W referacie przedstawiono problemy budowy bezpiecznego oprogramowania aplikacji kolejowych przy wykorzystaniu teorii poprawności oprogramowania. Poprawne oprogramowanie ma bardzo istotny wpływ na działanie systemów uwarunkowanych bezpieczeństwem, zwłaszcza 4 poziomu bezpieczeństwa (SIL4). Jako przykład Autorzy przedstawili uproszczony system samoczynnej sygnalizacji przejazdowej.


Zdalna diagnostyka uszkodzeń szyn
serwis PAP
2006-08-22

serwis PAP
Bezdotykowy wykrywacz uszkodzonych szyn, zamontowany w pociągach pasażerskich lub towarowych, może zapobiec wielu katastrofom kolejowym - informuje serwis "EurekAlert".
Brytyjscy naukowcy z University of Warwick opracowali ultradżwiękowy wykrywacz uszkodzonych szyn. W odróżnieniu od dotychczas stosowanych, może on pracować nawet w szybkim pociągu, jadącym z prędkością ponad 100 kilometrów na godzinę.

Urządzenia te sprawiają, że badanie szyn może się odbywać bez dotykania ich. Dzięki wykorzystaniu przetworników elektromagnetycznych - wytwarzających ultradżwięki o odpowiedniej częstotliwości - nie jest konieczny ich kontakt z szyną. W szynie powstaje bowiem specjalny rodzaj fali sprężystej - tzw. fala Rayleigh'a - która wędruje w powierzchniowej części główki szyny (w pobliżu powierzchni, po której toczą się koła).

Wszelkie uszkodzenia dają charakterystyczne zmiany sygnału. Przy większych prędkościach jazdy sygnał zanika, przy wyższych - ulega nagłemu wzmocnieniu wskutek interferencji. W ten sposób łatwo jest ustalić zakres i umiejscowienie uszkodzeń.

Gdyby udało się wyposażyć w takie detektory pociągi na terenie całego kraju, można by otrzymać działającą przez całą dobę sieć ruchomych, skutecznych stacji kontrolnych.


TRANSGRANICZNY ODCINEK PILOTOWY ERTMS KATOWICE - BOHUMIN - PROPOZYCJA
Andrzej Białoń, Karol Trzoński
2006-08-22

W artykule przedstawiono propozycję odcinka pilotowego dla systemu ERTMS. Omówiono uwarunkowania i konieczność wdrażania ERTMS na PKP. Opisano stan istniejącego wyposażenia linii Katowice- Bohumin oraz jej podstawowe dane techniczne. Zaproponowano sposób wdrażania ERTMS z uwzględnieniem migracji do systemu istniejących rządzeń srk. Pokazano również możliwy harmonogram wdrażania.


ERTMS - EUROPEJSKI SYSTEM ZARZĄDZANIA RUCHEM KOLEJOWYM
Andrzej BIAŁOŃ
2006-08-22

W artykule przedstawiono ogólny opis systemu ERTMS. Opisano podsystemy ETML, GSM-R i ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem podsystem ETCS.


BLOKADA LINIOWA Z ZASTOSOWANIEM LICZNIKA OSI I STEROWNIKA PROGRAMOWALNEGO
Janusz KEMPNY,Janusz MIKOŁAJCZYK,Jakub MŁYŃCZAK
2006-08-22

W referacie przedstawiono koncepcję budowy blokady liniowej w oparciu o liczniki osi i sterowniki programowalne. Omówiono budowę blokady oraz jej zalety i wady.


TECHNICZNE ASPEKTY BLOKADY LINIOWEJ CBL2002
Jerzy ŁUKASIK,Jakub MŁYŃCZAK
2006-08-22

Cyfrowa blokada liniowa ma zapewniać bezpieczne prowadzenie ruchu pociągów w odstępie blokowym pomiędzy dwoma stacjami (posterunkami ruchu). Jest to blokada dwukierunkowa. Stan zasadniczy blokady to stan neutralny. W stanie tym blokada uniemożliwia wyjazd na tor szlakowy z obu ograniczających go posterunków ruchu. Do prowadzenia ruchu pociągów po danym torze szlakowym, wymagane jest ustawienie kierunku blokady (wysterowanie blokady). Sterowanie urządzeniami blokady tj. włączenie dla określonego kierunku, zwolnienie lub zmiana włączonego kierunku może odbywać się jedynie z posterunków odpowiedzialnych za bezpieczeństwo ruchu na danym szlaku. Urządzenia blokady oprócz zapewnienia bezpieczeństwa prowadzenia ruchu po danym torze szlakowym, zapewniają przekazywanie informacji do posterunków ruchu ograniczających szlak o sytuacji ruchowej dotyczącej danego toru szlakowego. Elementami składowymi blokady liniowej CBL2002 są wysokiej klasy liczniki osi i sterowniki programowalne.
Przedstawiona w artykule koncepcja blokady liniowej pokazuje nowe podejście do problematyki blokad liniowych jednoodstępowych. W rozwiązaniach technicznych dążono do wyeliminowania wszelkich rozwiązań przekaźnikowych (za wyjątkiem bezpiecznego komparatora) ze względów na energochłonności. Cyfrowa blokada liniowa jest rozwiązaniem mało energochłonnym, bezpiecznym i ergonomicznym dla personelu obsługi. Zastosowanie elementów składowych wysokiej jakości o sprawdzonych parametrach bezpieczeństwa poprawi bezpieczeństwo na szlakach kolejowych. Ponadto blokada ta jest zabezpieczona przed możliwością nadużyć ze strony personelu obsługi poprzez odpowiednie oprogramowanie i pełną rejestrację zdarzeń.




MODEL SYSTEMU ZDALNEJ DIAGNOSTYKI NAPĘDÓW ZWROTNICOWYCH Z WYKORZYSTANIEM SIECI BEZPRZEWODOWYCH KRÓTKIEGO ZASIĘGU
Jakub MŁYŃCZAK,Przemysław GORCZYCA
2006-08-22

W referacie przedstawiono propozycje urządzenia diagnostycznego do pomiaru parametrów technicznych napędu zwrotnicowego z wykorzystaniem sieci bezprzewodowej krótkiego zasięgu. Urządzenie to pozwoli na prowadzenie diagnostyki on-line, co znacznie uprości skomplikowany proces diagnostyczny napędu zwrotnicowego przy jednoczesnym podwyższeniu bezpieczeństwa, ponieważ informacja o symptomach zbliżającej się usterki będzie docierała do personelu utrzymania wcześniej.



KOMPATYBILNOŚĆ ELEKTROMAGNETYCZNA URZĄDZEŃ SRK Z INNYMI URZĄDZENIAMI KOLEJOWYMI
Andrzej BIAŁOŃ
2006-08-22

W artykule przedstawiono ogólny opis problematyki kompatybilności elektromagnetycznej urządzeń sterowania ruchem kolejowym z innymi urządzeniami kolejowymi. Opisano kryteria oceny zakłóceń dla potrzeb oceny kompatybilności elektromagnetycznej. Pokazano charakterystyki wrażliwości urządzeń srk. Przedstawiono dopuszczalne parametry zakłóceń dla PKP i wybranych zarządów kolejowych


STEROWANIE DYSPOZYTORSKIE W MIASTACH - GŁÓWNE KIERUNKI ROZWOJU
Katarzyna TRZASKA
2006-08-22

Tematem artykułu jest przybliżenie podstawowych problemów związanych ze wzrostem ruchu w miastach, oraz przedstawienie sposobów ich rozwiązania przy pomocy systemów telematycznych. Szczególną rolę autorka chciała zwrócić na systemy dające priorytet środkom komunikacji zbiorowej, będące jednym z ważniejszych elementów polityki zrównoważonego rozwoju w miastach.


PROBLEMATYKA ANALIZY RYZYKA W URZADZENIACH STEROWANIA RUCHEM KOLEJOWYM
Andrzej BIAŁOŃ
2006-08-22

W artykule omówiono problematykę analizy ryzyka w urządzeniach technicznych. Pokazano przykłady zastosowania analizy ryzyka w urządzeniach sterowania ruchem kolejowym.


MODEL SYMULATORA PRZEKAŹNIKOWYCH URZĄDZEŃ STEROWANIA RUCHEM KOLEJOWYM
Jerzy Mikulski,Jakub Młyńczak,Łukasz Faber
2006-07-01

W artykule przedstawiono koncepcję testowania nowobudowanych urządzeń srk z pulpitem komputerowym, oraz wykorzystanie symulatora pulpitu komputerowego do celów szkoleniowych personelu obsługi


The methods of diagnosis of the innovatory management systems in cars
S. OLSZOWSKI
0000-00-00

S. OLSZOWSKI
Technical University in Radom, Institute of  Transport, 29 Malczewskiego 26–600 Radom

Title:
The methods of diagnosis of the innovatory management systems in cars

Keywords:
management systems,  disturbance of the work of the system, unknown mistake, the punctual diagnosis of the system, gateway

Abstract:
The article describes the methods of diagnosis of the integrated management systems in vehicles. BLIS safety system is presented. The methods of diagnosis which are wider than systems of control in the process of self diagnosis have been prepared and discussed as well. The authoritative method of the punctual diagnosis of the system, which puts theory into  practice is discussed. It has been approved and accepted by many car services in the whole country

Bibliography:
OLSZOWSKI S., SZTANDKIE M.: Innowacje w systemach bezpieczeństwa czynnego. Bezpieczeństwo w transporcie. (Innovations in active security systems. Security in transport), LogiTrans 2009, Czasopismo Logistyka nr 3/2009, (in Polish).
MERKISZ J., at al.: Badanie parametrĂłw elektrycznych i logicznych magistral komunikacyjnych systemĂłw diagnostyki     pokładowej OBD II i EOBD dla celĂłw weryfikacji i homologacji czytnikĂłw informacji diagnostycznych.( Research on electric parameters  and logical CAN BUS of the OBD II & EOBD board diagnostics of communicative systems aiming at verification and homologation of diagnostic information scanners), 28th International Scientific Conference on Combustion Engines “Kones 2002” – Conference Proceedings.
Volvo Car Corporation: Materiały szkoleniowo – informacyjne. (Information and training materials), 2008, (in Polish).
Robert Bosch GmbH: Automotive Electronics. 2 920 00P 028C/SMC2. 2008
ESI [tronic] – platforma informacyjna firmy Bosch do urządzeń diagnostycznych typu KTS/FSA – aktualna wersja ‘2009 (Bosch information platform of KTS/FSA diagnostic device– ‘up-dated ‘2009), (in Polish).
OLSZOWSKI S. : Samochodowe sieci informatyczne. Aspekt serwisowy magistrali CAN (Car information network. Service aspect of CAN). Akademia Techniki Samochodowej Autodistribution International. AD Polska, August 2006, (in Polish)


Health problems in passengers undertaking long-haul flights – JET LAG
A. MICHALIK, R. BOBIŃSKI
0000-00-00

A. MICHALIK,  R. BOBIŃSKI
University of Bielsko-Biala, Department of Health Sciences

Title:
Health problems in passengers undertaking long-haul flights – JET LAG

Keywords:
jet lag, symptoms of jet lag, predictors of jet lag

Abstract:
Millions of people choose to travel by plane what may result in jet lag disorder associated with circadian rhythm misalignment. The severity of jet lag symptoms is emphasized in the second and next days after arrival, however there is a possibility of the occurrence of jet lag in the first hours after landing which is the subject of this paper

Bibliography:
BROWN G.M, et all.: Melatonin and its relevance to jet lag. Travel Med Infect Dis 2009; 7: 69-81
Coste O, Lagarde D.: Clinical management of jet lag: What can be proposed when performance is critical? Travel Med Infect Dis 2009; 7: 82-87
Davidson A, et all.: Chronic jet-lag increases mortality in aged mice. Curr Biol 16; 21
Filipski E, et all.: Effects of Chronic Jet-Lag on Tumor Progression in Mice. Cancer Res Nov 2004; 64: 7879-7885
Filipski E, Xiaoi Mei Li, Levi F.: Disruption of circadian coordination and malignant growth. Cancer Causes Control 2006; 17: 509-514
Lahti T, et all.: Field trial of timed bright light exposure for jet lag among airlines cabin crew. Int J Circumpolar Health 2007: 66; 4: 365-369
Leloup J, Goldbeter A.: Modeling the circadian clock: from molecular mechanism to physiological disorders. BioEssays 30: 590-600
Lu B, Zee P. Circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Chest 2006; 130: 1915-1923
Marks E, ZuĹźewicz W, Chrzanowski J. Praca wielozmianowa i w warunkach przekraczania strefy czasu. Badania ankietowe. Med. Pr 1982; 33: 1-3
Reilly T, Waterhouse J, Edwards B. Some chronobiological and physiological problems associated with long-distance journeys. Travel Med Infect Dis 2009; 7: 88-101
Sack R.L. The pathophysiology of jet lag. Travel Med Infect Dis 2009; 7: 102-110
Waterhouse J, et. all.: Further assessments of the relationship between jet lag and some of its symptoms. Chronobiol Int 2005; 22(1): 121-136
Waterhouse J, et. all.: Jet lag: trends and coping strategies. Lancet 2007; 369: 1117-1129


CNS and wind farm
D. KEVICKÝ, A. NOVAK
0000-00-00

D. KEVICKÝ,  A. NOVAK
Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, University of Žilina, Univerzitnå 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia

Title:
CNS and wind farm

Keywords:
Wind farm, Radar Theory, Air Traffic Management

Abstract:
The wind is an increasingly important source of energy for the Slovak Republic. It is exploited by the use of turbines to generate electricity. Because of their physical size, in particular their height, wind farms can have an effect on the safety aviation domain. Additionally, rotating wind turbine blades may have an impact on certain aviation operations, particularly those involving radar

Bibliography:
Knill : ‘Potential Effects of Wind Turbines on Navigational Systems’, (CAA), July 2002, available from BWEA Web site.
‘Wind Turbines and Radar: Operational Experience and Mitigation Measures’, BWEA, December 2001, available from BWEA Web site.
LEWIS, R.: ‘Information Paper – Radar Mitigations’, (CAA), March 2001, available from CAA SRG.
WIND TURBINES AND AVIATION INTERESTS - EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE AND PRACTICE, ETSU W/14/00624/REP, DTI PUB URN No. 03/515


Tunning Parameters of Evolutionary Algorithm in Travelling Salesman Problem with Profits and Returns
J. KOSZELEW, A. PIWOŃSKA
0000-00-00

J. KOSZELEW,  A. PIWOŃSKA
Faculty of Computer Science, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska 45a, 15-351 Białystok, Poland

Title:
Tunning Parameters of Evolutionary Algorithm in Travelling Salesman Problem with Profits and Returns

Keywords:
routing in transport networks, travelling salesman problem with profits, evolutionary algorithm

Abstract:
A huge number of papers studies Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) in classical version. In standard TSP all cities must be visited and graph is completed. While this is indeed the case in many practical problems, there are many other practical problems where these assumptions are not valid. This paper presents a new evolutionary algorithm (EA) which solves TSP with profits and returns (TSPwPR). This version of TSP is often applied in Intelligent Transport Systems, especially in Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP). TSPwPR consists in finding a cycle which maximizes collected profit but does not exceed a given cost constraint. A graph which is considered in this problem can be not completed, salesman doesn’t have to visit all cities and he can repeat (with zero profit) cities in his tour. The method was implemented and tested on real network which consists of 160 cities in eastern and central voivodeships of  Poland. The main parameter which has the highest influence on quality of obtaining results is the size of population and our experiments are directed to determine an optimal value of this parameter

Bibliography:
FEILETT D., DEJAX P., GENDREAU M. : Traveling salesman problems with profits. In Transportation Science. Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 188 205, 2005
GOLDBERG D. E: Genetic algorithms and their applications. The publishing company, Warsaw, 2nd edition, 2005
JOZEFOWICZ N. F. G., LAGUNA M.: Traveling salesman problems with profits. In Journal of Mathematical Modeling and Algorithms. Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 177-195, 2008
LAWLER E., LENSTRA J., SHYMOYS A. H. G.: The Traveling Salesman Problem: A Guided Tour of Combinatorial Optimization. John Wiley&Sons, Chichester New York Brisbane Toronto Singapore, 1st edition, 1985
MICHALEWICZ Z.: Genetic Algorithms+Data Structures=Evolution Programs. WNT, Warsaw, 2nd edition, 1996
MITCHELL M.: An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. MIT Press, Massachussets, 1st edition, 1998
QIN H., LIM A., XU, D.: The selective traveling salesman problem with regular working time windows. In Studies in Computational Intelligence. Vol. 214, pp. 291-296, 2009
SEVKLI Z., SEVILGEN F. E.: Variable neighbor hood search for the orienteering problem. In Lecture Notes on Computer Science. Vol. 4263, pp. 134-143, 2006
TASGETIREN M. F. :A genetic algorithm with an adaptive penalty function. In Journal of Economic and Social Research. Vol. 4 (2), pp. 1-26. , 2002
TONCI C., HRVOJE G., GALIC A., CAVAR I.: Vehicle Routing Problem Solving System as a CRO-GRID Application, Proceedings 4th European Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, 24-26 May 2004, Budapest.


Analysis of integrated transport system influence on the region
M. BOLKOVÁ (a), M. BOLEK (b)
0000-00-00

M. BOLKOVÁ (a), M. BOLEK (b)
(a) Jan Perner Transport Faculty, University of Pardubice, StudentskĂĄ 95, 530 09 Pardubice, Czech Republic,
 (b)AZD Praha, Foreign Marketing & Trade Department, Ĺ˝irovnickĂĄ 2, 106 17 Praha 10, Czech Republic

Title:
Analysis of integrated transport system influence on the region

Keywords:
integrated transport systems, public transport, region

Abstract:
This paper deals with the analysis of the influence of integrated transport systems on the region and on ITS transport services in the Czech Republic and Poland. Available transport statistics contain only the information about particular transport modes; the data of integrated transport systems is not registered. Therefore the basis for the analysis of integrated transport systems and ITS influence on the region is missing. With regard to this, the situation of transport services in regions with an integrated transport system and in regions without it is has been analysed. The result is based on the comparison of situation in these regions and in the whole country

Bibliography:
Czech Statistical Office. http://www.czso.cz
Central Statistical Office of Poland
http://www.stat.gov.pl
Transport Statistics of the Czech Republic. http://www.sydos.cz


Multi-sensor navigational measurements fusion
A. BANACHOWICZ, A. WOLSKI
0000-00-00

A. BANACHOWICZ (a), A. WOLSKI (b)
(a) Department of Artificial Intelligence and Applied Mathematics West Pomeranian University of Technology, ul. Ĺťołnierska  49, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
(b)Institute of Marine Navigation, Maritime University of Szczecin, Wały Chrobrego 2, 70-500 Szczecin, Poland

Title:
Multi-sensor navigational measurements fusion

Keywords:
navigational mathematics, GPS, sequential estimation, maritime navigation

Abstract:
The method of integrating navigational parameters obtained from non-simultaneous navigational measurements is presented. The proposed algorithm of position coordinates estimation is general and includes two modes of data processing – from simultaneous and non-simultaneous measurements. It can be used in hybrid receivers of radionavigation systems integrating non-homogeneous position lines or in integrated navigation systems, particularly  in receivers combining the measurements of various satellite navigation systems.

Bibliography:
BANACHOWICZ A.: Określanie współrzędnych pozycji z niejednoczesnych pomiarĂłw  parameterĂłw nawigacyjnych. Prace Wydziału Nawigacyjnego Akademii Morskiej Nr  17,  Gdynia 2005. ss. 5-15.
BANACHOWICZ A., URIASZ J.: The Running Fix. European Journal of Navigation, Vol. 3,  No 4, November 2005. pp. 60-64.
BANACHOWICZ A.: Uogólnione prawo przenoszenia błędów losowych. Prace Wydziału Nawigacyjnego Akademii Morskiej w Gdyni Nr 18, Gdynia 2006. ss. 5-16.
DEMIDOVICH B.P., MARON I.A.: Computational Mathematics. Mir Publisher,       Moscow 1987.
FARRELL J.A., BARTH M.: The Global Positioning System and Inertial Navigation. McGraw-Hill, New York 1999.
MITCHELL H.B.: Multi-Sensor Data Fusion. An Introduction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 2007.
PARKINSON B.W., SPILKER J.J. (Jr): Global Positioning System: Theory and Applications. Vol. I and II, Publisher by AIAA, Washington 1996.
ROGERS R.M.: Applied Mathematics in Integrated Navigation Systems. 2nd Edn. Published by AIAA, Reston, Virginia 2003


Traffic calming as one of the methods of traffic management, as illustrated by the “Dutch Town” project in Pulawy
K. JAMROZIK, J. BOHATKIEWICZ
0000-00-00

K. JAMROZIK,  J. BOHATKIEWICZ
EKKOM Sp. z o.o. Wadowicka 8 i, 30-415 KrakĂłw, Poland

Title:
Traffic calming as one of the methods of traffic management, as illustrated by the “Dutch Town” project in Pulawy

Keywords:
traffic calming, road safety, Dutch Town Project, Puławy

Abstract:
Traffic calming by means of physical measures enables to perform traffic management functions in those areas of cities and towns where ITS are absent. Traffic calming is also effective in improving road safety, which is of outmost importance considering that each year in Poland around 5 thousand people get killed in road crashes and excessive vehicle speed remains the main contributory factor. Thanks to a reduced incidence of speeding and undesired transit movements that are kerbed by physical measures, traffic calming makes it possible to manage vehicle speeds and accessibility of the road network over a whole area as well as to prevent crashes and mitigate other transport-related inconvenience.
A comprehensive traffic calming area was built in Puławy. It covers a section of the regional road No 824 and the adjacent residential area of Włostowice. The design drawings of the so called Dutch Town Project performed by EKKOM Sp. z o.o. included the adjustment of several best practices of road safety engineering used in the Netherlands to the Polish conditions and this solution is unprecedented in many aspects. The redesign of the streets combined with traffic calming has helped to solve a number local problems and at the same time a showcase of traffic calming for training purpose was created

Bibliography:
Rules for traffic calming using physical technical measures, Ministry of Infrastructure, 2008. www.krbrd.gov.pl


Road charging in urban areas in the middle-size city
J. DICOVÁ, J. ONDRUŠ
0000-00-00

J. DICOVÁ (a), J. ONDRUŠ (b)
(a) University of Zilina, Faculty of Management Science and Informatics, Department of Management Theories, Univerzitnå 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia
 (b)University of Zilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Department of Road and Urban Transport , UniverzitnĂĄ 1, 010 26 Ĺ˝ilina, Slovakia

Title:
Road charging in urban areas in the middle-size city

Keywords:
Road charging, electronic toll collection, congestions, individual transport

Abstract:
With transport problems such as congested streets we can meet today nearly in every bigger city. It arises from the main issue - an increase of individual car traffic in the city centre. The road charging in urban areas is very simple and efficient way to reduce traffic volumes, lower congestions or to limit individual transportation demand in the centres. In our paper we would like to point out a perspective solution of utilization of electronic charging system in city centre and focus on proposal of methodology for the implementation of an urban toll system

Bibliography:
KALAŠOVÁ, A., LATISLAV, R.: Introduction of road charging in city of Žilina - a tool for reduction of negative externalities In: Advances in transport systems telematics 2: Section I: Telematic transport systems. - Katowice: Silesian University of Technology, [2007]. - ISBN 978-83-917156-6-6.
ONDRUŠ, J.: Methodology of Acceptance Feasibility Survey of Urban Road Pricing. In: Transcom 2009, Section 1., University of Žilina, 2009, ISBN 978 -80-8070-692-0
ONDRUĹ , J.: MĂ˝tne systémy v cestnej doprave a ich vyuĹžitie v mestĂĄch, dizertačnĂĄ prĂĄca, 2009
ONDRUŠ, J., PAĽO, J.: Selected applications of road charging in urban areas, In: Doprava a spoje [elektronický zdroj]: internetový časopis - ISSN 1336-7676. - Č. 2 (2007)
POLIAK, M.: Impacts of toll collection introduction on haulers, TRANSCOM 2009 : 8-th European conference of young research and scientific workers : Ĺ˝ilina June 22-24, 2009, Slovak Republic. Section 2: Economics and management - part 2 (M-Z),  Ĺ˝ilina : University of Ĺ˝ilina, 2009. - 195 s. - ISBN 978-80-554-0040-2.
Project: Pricing Acceptability in the Transport Sector (PATS), 2000
Projekt FD ČVUT: Externality v dopravě, 2005
URBÁNKOVÁ, P.: Úvod do mĂ˝tneho systému, (http://www.telematix.cz/projekty/zav/index.html)


NPA GNSS essential step for the lun implementation and the chance for the air regional transport
K. BANASZEK, A. FELLNER, P. TRÓMIŃSKI, P. ZADRĄ
0000-00-00

K. BANASZEK (a), A. FELLNER (b), P. TRÓMIŃSKI (c), P. ZADRĄG (c),
(a)  Polish Air Navigation Services Agency, Warsaw, Poland,
(b) Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland,
(c) Air Force Institute of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Title:
NPA GNSS essential step for the lun implementation and the chance for the air regional transport

Keywords:
NPA, GNSS, Navigation, EGNOS

Abstract:
The general idea of this project is to popularize the usage of European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service System in Central European countries. The main goal will be achieved by demonstrating key capabilities of the EGNOS System. After that the National Fly Authority Agency certification procedure will be launched, EGNOS will become fully functional and operational airfield domestic system. Project consists of analysis of domestic airfields and Aircraft operator(s) against opportunity of EGNOS installation and utilization of capability for landing purposes, study of demonstrator’s technical conception of EGNOS APV implementation connected with blueprint for certification process, on-board and airfield
system installation connected with provisional certification and final demonstration of overall system capabilities, followed by on-going tests, system certification and implementation of Safety Case.
Scientific research centers will prepare technical solutions for system installation at airfield and aircraft, with certification projects and procedures as well. This includes two types of certification: technical and fly procedures (landing procedures for aircraft and airfield). Safety of fly and Safety Case are especially taken into consideration.
Currently, differential positioning methods, basing on global satellite navigation systems: GPS, GLONASS and also Galileo in the future, undergo dynamic development.

Bibliography:
Helicopters Deploy GNSS in Europe (HEDGE) project documentation,
EGNOS Introduction in European Eastern Region MIELEC project documentation,
ICAO Resolution A32-19,
ICAO Resolution A32-20,
ICAO Resolution A33-15,
ICAO Document 4444,
ICAO Document 7030,
ICAO Document 7300,
ICAO Document 8071,
ICAO Document 8126,
ICAO Document 8168,
ICAO Document 8400,
ICAO Document 8697,
ICAO Document 9161,
ICAO Document 9426,
ICAO Document 9613,
ICAO Document 9660,
ICAO Document 9674,
ICAO Document 9689,
ICAO Document 9750,
ICAO Document 9849-AN/457,
ICAO Document ESARR 1,
ICAO Document ESARR 6.


A preliminary ethical analysis of ITS applications
J. BARTCZAK
0000-00-00

J. BARTCZAK
The Cardinal Stephan Wyszynski University (UKSW), Department of Christian Philosophy, Dewajtis 5, 01-815  Warsaw, Poland

Title:
A preliminary ethical analysis of ITS applications

Keywords:
ethical analysis, ITS applications, benefits, consequentialism

Abstract:
This paper describes a possibility of applying an ethical approach to ITS applications is described. It refers to benefits of ITS applications in terms of classic ethical values, and their interpretation in the light of consequentialism and classical utilitarianism. The paper presents a kind of new look at numerous and various ITS benefits from the ethical (moral) point of view. It emphasizes the ethical importance of such benefits of ITS applications as savings of time, safety, and convenience in traveling. The paper also raises the problem of connections of ethical evaluation of ITS benefits with the so-called costs/benefits analysis (CBA) in the transport sector.

Bibliography:
DAHLGREN J., Definition and Measurement of Transport System Performance,  California PATH Research Report UCB-ITS-PRR-98-24 ,1998.
GILLEN D., LI J., Evaluation Methodologies for ITS Applications, California PATH Working Paper UCB-ITS-PWP-99-2,  1999.
HOSTYNSKI L.,  Utilitarian values,  Lublin 1998, Publisher UMC-S  (in Polish).
McQUEEN B., McQUEEN J., Intelligent Transportation Systems Architectures, Boston London  1999, Artech House.
NOWACKI G. (ed.), Road transport telematics, p. 147-171.  Warszawa  2008, Publisher Road Transport Institute, (in Polish).
PROBUCKA D., Utilitarism, Czestochowa 1999, Publisher WSP  (in Polish).
STOCKTON W. R. et al., Estimating ITS Benefits for Evaluating ITS Projects, Report No. FHWA/TX-03/1790-5, 2003.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/consequentialism/
WOJTYLA K.: Lublinensis lectures, Lublin  2006, Publisher KUL (in Polish).


Traffic Emission Mapping with Toll System Assistance
P. DERBEK, P. HRUBEĹ 
0000-00-00

P. DERBEK, P. HRUBEĹ 
Faculty of Transportation Sciences, Czech Technical University in Prague, KonviktskĂĄ 20, 110-00 Prague, Czech Republic

Title:
Traffic Emission Mapping with Toll System Assistance

Keywords:
highway toll system, traffic intensity, estimation, emission mapping, track inclination, indirect modelling, weather effects

Abstract:
The paper presents a method of the traffic emission computing, mapping and its monitoring in relation to the system of the highway toll gates. The construction of an own mathematical model, built on secondarily used data variables of the toll gate system, is presented. The model construction allows describing a simple method for the estimation of traffic intensities and finally for modelling the emission load maps of the mobile sources.


Bibliography:
CICERO-FERNANDEZ P., LONG J.R., Grades and Other Load Effects on On-Road Emissions: An On-Board Analyzer Study, Fifth Annual On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop, San Diego, California, 1995.
GAMMARIELLO R., CARLOCK M., Development of Hourly Vehicle Activity for Estimating Vehicle Emissions, Seventh CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop, San Diego, California, April 1997.
HRUBEŠ P., KAZMAROVÁ H., KEDER J., HELMUT T., POTUŽNÍKOVÁ D., The study Run limitation of selected trucks on weekends - an impact and benefits analysis, Research report LSS 337/08, part III., 33, 20-32, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague 2008.
HRUBEŠ P., VLČKOVÁ V., ČARSKÝ J., KUMPOŠT P., BRABEC M., PELIKÁN E., The study Weekend trip limitations of selected heavy trucks - an impact and benefits analysis, Research report LSS 337/08, part I., 129, 5-84, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague 2008.
SVÍTEK M., STÁREK T., HRUBEŠ P., KANTOR S., DERBEK P., Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) and Their Impact on Sustainable Development, (ID OC194), Annual Report, 26, 15-18, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague 2008.
ZITO P., CHEN H., BELL M., Predicting real-Time Roadside CO and NO2 Concentrations Using Neural Networks, IEEE Transaction on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 9, No. 3, September 2008.
http://www.env.cz/AIS/web-pub.nsf/$pid/MZPMSF437BOZ


Applying ad hoc algorithms for highway traffic management
J. KABAROWSKI
0000-00-00

J. KABAROWSKI
Łubinowa 1A/8, 52-209 Wrocław, Poland

Title:
Applying ad hoc algorithms for highway traffic management

Keywords:
transport telematics, leader election, single hop network, size approximation

Abstract:
The number of cars participating in highway traffic is still growing as well as the necessity of quick and fluent transport between different locations. Therefore, ensuring the fluency and safety in highway traffic is becoming an essential problem in recent times. If only the driver knew about a danger waiting behind the bend, he would slow down; if someone got the information about a traffic jam 10 km earlier, he would probably take a different road or stop.
This paper aims at providing transport telematics solutions which ensure simple, fast and efficient means for highway traffic management. The ad hoc algorithms presented concern broadcasting within highway traffic and assume the collisions detection and a single hop network. Installing a simple transmitter and receiver on every car is considered. Energy efficient size approximation algorithms and a leader selection procedure are presented and discussed, including simulations.

Bibliography:
ADAMSKI A., Inteligent Transport Systems. Uczelniane Wydawnictwo Naukowo Techniczne AGH, KrakĂłw 2003 (in Polish).
NAGEL K. et al., A cellular automaton model for freeway traffic, J. Phys. I France 2, 1992.
KABAROWSKI  J. et al., Adversary Immune Size Approximation of Single-Hop Radio Network, Theory and Applications of Models of Computation, Beijing 2006.
KUTYŁOWSKI J. et al., Broadcasting on a highway – ad hoc warning system (master thesis) 2004.
WAWRZYŃSKI W., Telematyka transportu – tendencje rozwojowe i ograniczenia, Transport XXI    wieku, Warszawa 2004 (in Polish).
WYDRO K., Telecommunication and information techniques  1-2/2004 (in Polish).


The methodology of maintainability and reliability prediction of technical objects
Z. KASPRZYK
0000-00-00

Z. KASPRZYK
Faculty of Transport, Warsaw University of Technology, Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warsaw, Poland

Title:
The methodology of maintainability and reliability prediction of technical objects

Keywords:
maintainability and reliability prediction, parts stress analysis prediction, parts count analysis prediction, methods of prediction the reliability of technical objects

Abstract:
In recent times, an avalanche increase in the importance of reliability in the engineering design can be seen. The main reason is a permanent competition on the market and a competition for the customer resulting in increasing continually the efficiency of technological processes. The need to achieve a high level of reliability and maintainability is particularly important, where a safe and rapid transportation of people and goods is of high importance. The above-presented state of affairs has inspired the author to present a paper on the methodology and tools to support the estimation of maintainability and reliability of technical objects, together with practical examples.

Bibliography:
MIL-HDBK-217 – Reliability Prediction of electronic Equipment. Revision F. Department of Defense. 02 December 1991
MIL-HDBK-217F - Reliability Prediction of Electronic Equipment. USA Department of Defense. 6.3 TRANSISTORS, LOW FREQUENCY, BIPOLAR, 28.II.1995 r.: Base Failure Rate - ?b
MIL-HDBK-217F - Reliability Prediction of Electronic Equipment. USA Department of Defense. 6.3 TRANSISTORS, LOW FREQUENCY, BIPOLAR, 28.II.1995 r.: Temperature Factor – ?T
MIL-HDBK-217F - Reliability Prediction of Electronic Equipment. USA Department of Defense. 6.3 TRANSISTORS, LOW FREQUENCY, BIPOLAR, 28.II.1995 r.: Power Rating Factor – ?R
MIL-HDBK-217F - Reliability Prediction of Electronic Equipment. USA Department of Defense. 6.3 TRANSISTORS, LOW FREQUENCY, BIPOLAR, 28.II.1995 r.: Application Factor – ?A
MIL-HDBK-217F - Reliability Prediction of Electronic Equipment. USA Department of Defense. 6.3 TRANSISTORS, LOW FREQUENCY, BIPOLAR, 28.II.1995 r.: Voltage Stress Factor – ?S
MIL-HDBK-338 – Electronic Reliability Design Handbook. Department of Defense. 12 October 1988.
MIL-HDBK-338 – Electronic Reliability Design Handbook. Revision B. Department of Defense. 01 October 1991.
MIL-HDBK-472 – Maintainability Prediction. Department of Defense. 12 May 1966.
MIL-STD-1629 – Procedures for Performing a Failure Mode Effects and Critical Analysis. US Department of Defense. 24 November 1980.
NSWC-98/LE1. Naval Surface Warfare Center Handbook of Reliability Prediction Procedures for Mechanical Equipment. 1998.
Kasprzyk Z., Zastosowanie Metody Analizy Narażeń Części Do Prognozowania Obiektów Technicznych Na Przykładzie Pętli Przejazdowej Stosowanej W Systemie Poboru Opłat, XXXXVIII Zimowa Szkoła Niezawodności, Szczyrk 2010.
Kasprzyk Z., Predicting Reliability Of Technical Elements Taking The Part In The Process Of The Toll Collect On The Highway, Transport Systems Telematics 9th International Conference, Katowice-Ustroń 2009.
Kasprzyk Z., The Method Of The Parts Stress Analysis Prediction Of Technical Objects In The Supervision System, VIth Technical Conference LOGITRANS 2009, Szczyrk 2009.
Kasprzyk Z., The Reliability Model Of The Telematic Highway System, International Conference Transport of the 21st C, Warsaw 2004.
CHYBOWSKI L., MATUSZAK Z., Selected Software Supporting The Availability, Reliability, Maintainability And Operational Safety Multipurpose Analysis Of Complex Technical Systems, Maritime University of Szczecin, The 3rd International Conference Systems Supporting Environmental Management.
Lambda Predict version 3: Training Guide. ReliaSoft Publishing 2009.


GIS-based traffic flow simulation visualization for TRANSIMS
M. MACIEJEWSKI
0000-00-00

M. MACIEJEWSKI
Institute of Machines and Motor Vehicles, Poznan University of Technology, ul. Piotrowo 3, 60-965 Poznan, Poland

Title:
GIS-based traffic flow simulation visualization for TRANSIMS

Keywords:
traffic flow, urban, model, simulation, microscopic, visualization, TRANSIMS, GIS, Java, GeoTools, FFmpeg

Abstract:
The paper presents two visualization applications that enable to visualize traffic flow simulation results obtained with the TRANSIMS system. The applications, designed and implemented at the Institute of Machines and Motor Vehicles of Poznan University of Technology, are written in Java and, as freeware, can be used free of charge. Both visualizers use GIS-based data manipulation techniques to provide precise and customizable 2D visualization.
First, the problem of traffic flow modeling and simulation, and the TRANSIMS system were introduced. Then a general design and features of both applications were described. In order to demonstrate the most essential capabilities of the tools, the author presented an example of visualization of traffic in a segment of a real urban network

Bibliography:
http://www.transims-opensource.net/
WARDROP J. G., Some theoretical aspects of Road traffic research, In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. 1 of 2, 1952.
http://www.civil.utah.edu/~zhou/NEXTA_for_TRANSIMS.html
http://www.geotools.org/
http://www.ffmpeg.org/
http://www.transims-opensource.net/index.php?option=com_agora&task=topic&id=474
http://fwtools.maptools.org/
MACIEJEWSKI M., MACIEJEWSKI M.: An application of cellular automata to simulation of urban traffic. Logistics 2/2010, pp. 1159-1168 (in Polish).
MACIEJEWSKI M.: A comparison of microscopic traffic flow simulation systems for an urban area. 2nd International Scientific Conference “Transport Problems”, Katowice-KrakĂłw, Poland, June, 8-11, 2010 (in print).


Pumping energy consumption in water transportation systems
R. FIGURA, L. SZYCHTA
0000-00-00

R. FIGURA,  L. SZYCHTA
Faculty of Transport and Electrical Engineering, Kazimierz Pulaski Technical University of Radom, Malczewskiego 29, 26-600 Radom, Poland,

Title:
Pumping energy consumption in water transportation systems

Keywords:
efficiency, water pumping, control system, energy consumption, motor efficiency, pump efficiency

Abstract:
Selected systems for controlling the operation of water system pump stations are characterised. Dependencies defining the efficiency of a pump set are presented in consideration of pump and motor efficiency variations at variable characteristic curves of distribution. Pump and motor efficiencies at constant and variable rotational speeds are defined. A comparative analysis of water pumping energy consumption is carried out for the control systems under discussion, where the distribution characteristic curves describe irrigation systems.

Bibliography:
ABB, Efficiency tool, Energy saving calculator for AC motor and drive replacements, ABB, (2002).
Technical specifications of CR/CRE pumps by Grundfos – April 2010.
FIGURA R., SZYCHTA L. Energy-Saving Water Pumping In Large-Area Sprinkling Machines – Pumps Pumping Stations 8/2008 (in Polish).
FIGURA R., SZYCHTA L., KWIECIEŃ R.: Approximating Efficiency Curves of a Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor Working With a Centrifugal Pump, 9th Conference SENE 2009’, ŁódĹş 18-20 November 2009 (in Polish).
FIGURA R., SZYCHTA E., SZYCHTA L.: Analysis of efficiency of a pump set operating in an irrigation system, 4th International Conference ‘Electrical and Control Technologies’ pp. 131-134, Kaunas 7-8 May 2009.
GUTKOWSKI J. – Pumping Sets Don’t Always Save Energy, Pumps Pumping Stations 4/2000 (in Polish).
JĘDRAL W. – Impeller Pumps, PWN, Warsaw 2001 (in Polish).
LATEK W., Theory of Electric Machines, WNT 1982 (in Polish).
ORŁOWSKA-KOWALSKA T., Sensor-Free Driving Systems Including Induction Motors, Technical University of Wrocław Publications (2003) (in Polish).
RAIN BIRD DEUTSCHLAND GmbH – System Analysis & Documentation of Golf Course – Gaufelden-Nebringen 2003.
SZYCHTA E., LUFT M., SZYCHTA L.: Method of designing ZVS boost converter, Proceedings of the 13th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, 1-3 September 2008, pp. 478-482, Poznań – Poland.
SZYCHTA E., SZYCHTA L., ERD A., KWIECIEŃ R., FIGURA R.: Electrical Machines Laboratory (Supporting Materials, ed. by Leszek Szychta, Technical University of Radom Publications 2008 (in Polish).
SZYCHTA L., Principles of Selecting Control Systems For a Water Pumping Station, Technical University of Radom Publications, Radom, 2006 (in Polish).


Possibility of integration of navigational information on electronic chart
H. ŚNIEGOCKI, M. WIELIKI
0000-00-00

H. ŚNIEGOCKI (a), M. WIELIKI (b)
(a) Faculty of Navigation, Gdynia Maritime University, Jana Pawła II 3, 81-345 Gdynia, Poland,
(b)Officer Training Centre Ltd. of Gdynia Maritime University, Jana Pawła II 3, 81-345 Gdynia, Poland

Title:
Possibility of integration of navigational information on electronic chart

Keywords:
Electronic chart, ECDIS, navigational information, integration of equipment and navigational information, human error, integrated bridge

Abstract:
This article presents the problem of proper use of navigational integrated equipment installed on modern vessels. Large number of electronic aids to navigation and even greater amount of information obtained make it possible to integrate and arrange these devices in a proper way. Such arrangement of all instruments make it possible to present all their data and information on the screen of electronic chart.
The dynamic development of information technology gave rise to electronic charts. The authors focused on the possibilities which are offered by electronic charts and presented the possibility of integrating individual instruments such as gyrocompass, log, echo sounder, GPS, ARPA and AIS and the information gathered from them with an electronic chart. This is a subject with further prospects and both all the companies producing the software as well as the ship-owners aim at the most efficient use of this device in order to improve the safety of navigation. This work also presents the mistakes which are made when electronic charts are used improperly. The further development of this system and the possibilities it can offer the future users are also presented here

Bibliography:
GALE H., From Paper Charts to ECDIS, UK 2009, The Nautical Institute
NORRIS A., Integrated Bridge Systems Vol. 1 & 2, UK 2010, The Nautical Institute Furstenberg, http://www.fuerstenberg-dhg.de
WEINTRIT A., Elektroniczna mapa nawigacyjna. Wprowadzenie do nawigacyjnych systemów informacyjnych ECDIS, Gdynia 1997, Fundacja Rozwoju Wyższej Szkoły Morskiej
WEINTRIT A., The Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS): An Operational Handbook, USA 2009, CRC Press
WEINTRIT A., BODAK P., DEMKOWICZ J., DZIULA P., Elektroniczna mapa nawigacyjna. Przewodnik do ćwiczeń, Gdynia 1999, Wyższa Szkoła Morska,
WEINTRIT A., DZIULA P., MORGAS W., Obsługa i wykorzystanie systemu ECDIS. Przewodnik do ćwiczeń na symulatorze, Gdynia 2004, Akademia Morska


Economic regulation of airports in Slovakia after Directive 2009/12/EC on airport charges
A. NOVÁK SEDLÁČKOVÁ
0000-00-00

A. NOVÁK SEDLÁČKOVÁ
Air Transport Department, Faculty  of  Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, University of Zilina, UniverzitnĂĄ 1, 010 26 Ĺ˝ilina, Slovakia

Title:
Economic regulation of airports in Slovakia after Directive 2009/12/EC on airport charges

Keywords:
economic regulation, airport charges, economic

Abstract:
In March 2009 the European Parliament and the Council issued the Directive on Airport Charges – Directive 2009/12/EC, which is a common framework regulating the essential features of airport charges. The EU presents the necessity of economic regulation of airports and airport charges in Europe. On the basis of this Directive, the airports have to change their economic policy. But is the economic regulation necessary for the Bratislava Airport and airports with a similar position?  This paper explains the situation of Slovak airports and their approach to economic regulation of airport charges.

Bibliography:
AIP SR 2010- Aeronautical Information Publication SR- Letecká informačná príručka SR 2010
ODONI, A.R: Economic Regulation and Capital Financing. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007
BEESLEY, M. E., LITTLECHILD, S. C.: The Regulation Of Privatized Monopolies In The United Kingdom. Rand Journal Of Economics 20
FORSYTH, P.: Privatisation and regulation of Australian and New Zealand airports. Journal of Air Transport Management 8 (2002), Elsevier, 2002
GILLEN, D., NIEMEIER, H.M.: Comparative Political Economy of Airport Infrastructure in the European Union: Evolution of Privatization, Regulation and Slot Reform. Working Paper 2007-6, Centre for Transport Studies, 2007
MARQUES, R.C., BROCHADO, A.: Airport regulation in Europe: Is there need for a European Observatory? Transport Policy 15(2008), Elsevier Ltd.,2008
MUELLER, J.:  Project GAP- Regulation Summary. G.A.R.S., Germany, Berlin, 2009
STARKIE, D.:  Airport Regulation and competition, Elsevier Science, 2002
DIRECTIVE 2009/12/EC of European Parliament and Council of 11 March 2009 on airport charges, Official Journal of the European Union, L70/11, 14.3.2009
KANDERA, B.: ZvyĹĄovanie povedomia bezpečnostnej ochrany v civilnom letectve, In: ZbonĂ­k z medzinĂĄrodnej konferencie -ZvyĹĄovanie bezpečnosti v civilno letectve, 2008, ISBN  978-80-7240-604-1


Functioning of Digital Tachograph System in Country of UE
M. RYCHTER
0000-00-00

M. RYCHTER
Motor Transport Institute 80 Jagiellońska St., PL-03-301 Warsaw

Title:
Functioning of Digital Tachograph System in Country of UE

Keywords:
driver cards, workshop cards, control cards,  tachonet, control officers

Abstract:
Tachograph belongs to On Board Recording Devices. It was initially introduced for the railroads in order to companies could better document irregularities. The inventor of the tachograph was Max Maria von Weber, an administrative official, engineer and author. The Hasler Event Recorder was introduced in the 1920s. Regrettably, the construction of analogue tachograph, an original type of tachograph used in road transport, encouraged to numerous frauds and counterfeits of social rules for drivers. For this reason the European Union has developed an inspection system, based on digital tachograph and chip cards, used for recording the data and identification of the system users. The article is the presentation of the main rules of function of the digital tachograph system, used in road transport in European Union. The document describes main legal rules introducing the digital tachograph system, foremost requirements which must be fulfilled by the producers of digital tachographs in order to get the type approval, possibility of future requirements of digital tachograph, main functions, characteristics of participant of digital tachograph system and their tools of the identification, acting and setting of authorize workshops in Poland and European Union and the accessible methods of check and calibration of digital tachographs and their description, based on Commission Regulation (EC) No 1360/2002 of 13 June 2002 and Polish law. Furthermore, the dissertation presents current level of implementation of digital tachograph system in EU Member States and in all Europe.

Bibliography:
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1360/2002 of 13 June 2002 adapting for the seventh time to technical
Progress Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85 on recording equipment in road transport.
Act of digital tachograph system of 29 July 2005. Dz. U. 180 position 1494.
www.pwpw.com.pl
MERKISZ J., MAZUREK S., Digital tachograph. Wydawnictwo Instytutu Technologii Eksploatacji, Warsaw 2006, Poland.
Documents of EU-MIDT.


SWOT analysis of the hire or reward road cargo transport companies in Poland
M. KADLUBEK
0000-00-00

M. KADLUBEK
Faculty of Management, Czestochowa University of Technology, Armii Krajowej 19 B, 42-200 Czestochowa, Poland

Title:
SWOT analysis of the hire or reward road cargo transport companies in Poland

Keywords:
hire or reward road cargo transport, SWOT analysis

Abstract:
This paper gives an overview of some chosen aspects of the market recognition of road cargo transport services in Poland, assumed that there is a possibility of a change in the functioning of small and medium companies. The opportunities, threats, strengths and weaknesses of companies in the sector of hire or reward road cargo transport in Poland and in the EU-15 member states have been compared and the results of this comparison are shown in the SWOT analysis format

Bibliography:
BENTKOWSKA-SENATOR K., KORDEL Z., Polish road cargo transport, KODEKS Press, Bydgoszcz 2007 (in Polish).
BURNEWICZ  J., European Union car sector, Transport and Communication Publishers, Warsaw 2005 (in Polish).
FECHNER I., SZYSZKA G. /ed./, Logistics in Poland. Report 2007, Institute of Logistics and Warehousing Press, Poznan 2008 (in Polish).
FIGURA J., Services quality adaptation model to the transportation market conditions, [in:] LIPINSKA-SLOTA A. /ed./, Polish transport in European economic space, University of Economics in  Katowice, Katowice 2005 (in Polish).
International Road Union, Competition in East-West Road Transport Markets, Geneva 2001.
KAWA A., Black horse in European Union. Third –party branch after the 1-st of May 2004, Eurologistics, No 2/2005 (in Polish).
KOS B., Competitiveness conditionings of Polish transportation companies, [in:] DZIADEK S., MICHALOWSKA M. /ed./, Liberalization and competitiveness on the transport market in Europe, University of Economics in  Katowice, Katowice 2000 (in Polish).
KRZEMINSKI S., Competitiveness of Polish car transportation companies, [in:] PAPROCKI W., PIERIEGUD J., Demonopolization and consolidation processes influence in transport on its proficiency and efficiency functioning, Warsaw School of Economics Press, Warsaw 2005 (in Polish).
KRZEMINSKI S., Transportation companies consolidation, Warsaw School of Economics Press, Warsaw 2005 (in Polish).
PIJAR M., To compete with the supreme, Businessman, October 2005 (in Polish).
PFOHL H. Ch., Logistics systems, Springer Verlag Press, Berlin 1990 (in Polish).
ROSS D. F., Competing through supply chain management. Creating market-winning strategies through supply chain partnership, Materials Management/Logistics Series, KLUWER Academic Publishers, Boston 1997.
RYDZKOWSKI W., WOJEWODZKA-KROL K. (ed.), Transport, Polish Scientific Publishers PWN, Warsaw 2007 (in Polish).
RYDZKOWSKI W. (ed.), Logistic services, Institute of Logistics and Warehousing Press, Poznan 2004 (in Polish).
SLUBOWSKI S., Menager’s optimism, Eurologistics, No 5/2007, September - October 2007 (in Polish).
SLUBOWSKI S., Transportation and logistics market in Poland, ING Bank, Warsaw 2007 (in Polish).
TORRES L., MILLES J., Aligned logistics operations, [in:] GATTORNA J., Strategic supply chain alignment. Best practice in supply chain management, GOWER Publishing Limited, USA 1999.
www.mi.gov.pl.
www.transport-research.info/web.cfm.


Lighting device parameters influence on signal circuit safety in interlocking systems
P. NAGY, J. ŽDÁNSKY
0000-00-00

P. NAGY,  J. Ĺ˝DÁNSKY
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Žilina, Univerzitnå 8215/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovak Republic

Title:
Lighting device parameters influence on signal circuit safety in interlocking systems

Keywords:
signal circuit safety, interlocking system, colour light signal, alternative light sources

Abstract:
Signal circuits are an important part of the interlocking system. The main role of the signalling circuit is to switch the required signal aspects and signal checking. A signal is an interface between the interlocking system and a driver of the railway vehicle. Light bulbs are mostly used as a light source in most types of interlocking systems. It is possible to think about alternative light sources within the context of modernisation of the interlocking systems. The use of alternative light sources using must not cause signal circuit safety degradation. The article deals with problems of light bulbs replacement for another light source in AŽD 71 type relay interlocking in the Railways of Slovak Republic.

Bibliography:
Railway operation rules (PravidlĂĄ Ĺželezničnej prevĂĄdzky Ĺ˝SR – Predpis Ĺ˝1) – internal rules of Railway of Slovak republic
TNĹ˝ 34 2611 Railway Light Signals (Ĺ˝elezničné svetelné nĂĄvestidlĂĄ) – Railways of Slovak republic technical standard
PN AĹ˝D 8231 Station relay interlocking plant of AZD 71 type, Circuits of Light Signals (Staničné reléové zabezpečovacie zariadenia typ AĹ˝D 71, obvody svetelnĂ˝ch nĂĄvestidiel) – technical standard of AĹ˝D company.
HRBČEK, J.: Parametric Models of Real System and the Validation Tools, In: Proc. 8th European Conference of Young Research and Science Workers in Transport and Communications technology. p. 93-96. Ĺ˝ilina: June, 22. – 24. 2009. ISBN 978-80-554-0027-3


Flight inspection of aircraft at the University of Zilina
A. NOVÁK, D. KEVICKÝ
0000-00-00

A. NOVÁK,  D. KEVICKÝ
Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, University of Žilina, Univerzitnå 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia

Title:
Flight inspection of aircraft at the University of Zilina

Keywords:
accuracy, aircrafts, air transport, flight inspections, ICAO, CNS, ATM safety

Abstract:
This paper attempts to offer the reader a consistent overview of the flight inspection in the Slovak Republic and the centre of excellence of aviation at the University of Zilina. For the flight inspection, special items have to be taken into consideration when selecting the tested aircraft.

Bibliography:
ABBINK, F.J. and KRIJN, R., ""Navaids Calibration Evaluation with a Computer-Controlled Avionics-Data Aquisition System"", National Lucht- en Ruimtevaartlabo-ratorium, Amsterdam, 1980
NOVAK, A. BENO, L. VĂ˝znam protizrĂĄĹžkovĂ˝ch systémov v zvyĹĄovanĂ­ bezpečnosti leteckej dopravy In: Horizonty dopravy. - ISSN 1210-0978. - Roč. 12, č. 4 (2004), s. 6-9. (in Slovak)
BERTOCCHI, G., ""Eine neue Familie von TACAN- und DME-Anlagen"", Elektrisches Nachrichtenwesen, Vol. 58, No. 3, 1984. (in German)
NOVAK, A. BENO, L., BUGAJ, M., Application of RCM principles in the air operations In: KomunikĂĄcie - vedecké listy Ĺ˝ilinskej univerzity = Communications - scientific letters of the University of Ĺ˝ilina. - ISSN 1335-4205. - Roč. 7, č. 2 (2005), s. 20-24.
NOVAK, A., Communication and navigation; In: Book Series: Ĺ˝ilinskĂĄ univerzita - Fakulta prevĂĄdzky a ekonomiky dopravy a spojov, 2008. - 135 s.  - ISBN 978-80-8070-983-9.
ANANDA, C. M., General Aviation Aircraft Avionics: Integration & System Tests, In: IEEE AEROSPACE AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS MAGAZINE, Volume: 24,  Issue: 5,  Pages: 19-25    Published: MAY 2009, ISSN: 0885-8985
Moreno, JMG., Perez, RPC., The advent of Galileo in the European air navigation system, In: SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS: POLICY, COMMERCIAL AND TECHNICAL INTERACTION, Book Series: SPACE STUDIES    Volume: 8, Pages: 195-202,  Published: 2003, ISBN: 1-4020-1678-6


Reducing the Impact of Stroboscopic Effect on the Results of Vehicles’ Plate Recognition Using Super-Resolution Techniques by Non-Coherent Camera Triggering
K. OKARMA, P. MAZUREK
0000-00-00

K. OKARMA,  P. MAZUREK
Faculty of Motor Transport, Higher School of Technology and Economics in Szczecin, Klonowica 14, 71-244 Szczecin, Poland

Title:
Reducing the Impact of Stroboscopic Effect on the Results of Vehicles’ Plate Recognition Using Super-Resolution Techniques by Non-Coherent Camera Triggering

Keywords:
register license plate number recognition, super-resolution, camera triggering

Abstract:
The use of super-resolution algorithms can increase the resolution of image subject to further analysis in relation to the physical resolution of the camera recording the video sequence. A typical recording of such sequence is done with a fixed time interval (pre-determined number of frames per second). This can cause the shift of the plate image for subsequent frames by the total number of pixels, resulting in inability to take advantage of super-resolution algorithms that require shifts or rotations by a fractional part of pixels both vertically and horizontally. A possibility of reducing the impact of this effect by non-coherent triggering cameras is suggested in the paper.

Bibliography:
KLEIN L.A., Sensor Technologies and Data Requirements for ITS. Artech House ITS library, Norwood, Massachusetts 2001.
OKARMA K., MAZUREK P., Improved Register Plate Recognition Method Using Multiple Camera’s Image Fusion. Computer Systems Aided Science and Engineering Work in Transport, Mechanics and Electrical Engineering, pp. 453-458, Kazimierz Pułaski Technical University of Radom, 2008.
IRANI M., PELEG S., Improving Resolution by Image Registration. Graphical Models and Image Processing, vol. 53, p. 231-239, 1991.
IRANI M., PELEG S.: Super Resolution from Image Sequences. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, p. 115-120, June 1990.
KEREN D., PELEG S., BRADA R., Image Sequence Enhancement Using Sub-Pixel Displacement. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, p. 742-746, June 1988.
LUCCHESE L., CORTELAZZO G. M., A Noise-Robust Frequency Domain Technique for Estimating Planar Roto-Translations. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 48, no. 6, p. 1769-1786, June 2000.
ZOMET A., RAV-ACHA A., PELEG S., Robust Super-Resolution. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), vol. 1, p. 645-650, 2001.
OKARMA K., The Influence of the Sampling Filter Function in the Super-Resolution Methods on the Accuracy of the Register Plates Recognition and the Visual Image Quality”. Logistyka no. 6/2009 (CD-ROM).
OKARMA K., MAZUREK P., Automatic Image Quality Assessment of the Super-Resolution Images for the Register Plate Number Recognition. Logistyka no. 2/2010 p. 283-290 (in Polish).
OKARMA K., MAZUREK P., The Analysis of the Super-Resolution Techniques  for the Automatic Vertical Road Signs Recognition Systems. Logistyka no. 6/2009 (CD-ROM).
WANG, Z., BOVIK, A., SHEIKH, H., SIMONCELLI, E., Image Quality Assessment: From Error Measurement to Structural Similarity. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 600–612, 2004
ESKICIOGLU A., FISHER P., CHEN S.: Image Quality Measures and Their Performance. IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 43 no. 12, p. 2959-2965, 1995.
ESKICIOGLU A., Quality Measurement for Monochrome Compressed Images in the Past 25 Years. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing, p. 1907-1910, Istanbul, Turkey 2000.
LI X., Blind Image Quality Assessment. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, p. 449-452, Rochester, USA 2002.
MARZILIANO, P., DUFAUX, F., WINKLER, S., EBRAHIMI, T., A No-Reference Perceptual Blur Metric. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, p. 57–60, Rochester, USA 2002.
MEESTERS, L., MARTENS, J.-B.: A Single-Ended Blockiness Measure for JPEG-Coded Images. Signal Processing vol. 82 no. 3, p. 369-387, Elsevier 2002.


Onboard Unit (Obu) in an ITS System on the Basis of Coopers Project
T. PALCZYNSKI, Z. PAWELSKI
0000-00-00

T. PALCZYNSKI,  Z. PAWELSKI
TU of Lodz, Department of Vehicles, Machine and Fundamentals of Machine Design, Zeromskiego 116, 90-924 Lodz

Title:
Onboard Unit (Obu) in an ITS System on the Basis of Coopers Project

Keywords:
ITS architecture, ITS, OBU

Abstract:
This paper will present an On Board Unit (OBU), which is an integral part of planned ITS – acronym COOPERS. It will describe the structure, construction and components, ways of communication with the infrastructure (V2I) and with other vehicles (V2V), communication with on board information from CAN and OBD, usage of GPS signal, gyroscope, and user interface. The usage of OBU in the project enables to introduce new functionalities.

Bibliography:
D7-B5300/5400 Test bench for I2V interfaces, including test vehicle, testing environment and test database, www.coopers-ip.eu/index.php?id=150.
D15-IR7100/7200/7300/7400 Report on common result assessment, www.coopers-ip.eu/index.php?id=150.
D6- B5200 Test Bench specification for infrastructure-equipment, www.coopers-ip.eu/index.php?id=150.
D6100 Final report on demonstration, www.coopers-ip.eu/index.php?id=150


Integrated Control Tools Development for Sustainable City Transport System
A. PATLINS, N. KUNICINA
0000-00-00

A. PATLINS,  N. KUNICINA
Institute of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, Faculty of Power and Electrical Engineering, Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia, Kalku str.1, LV-1058.

Title:
Integrated Control Tools Development for Sustainable City Transport System

Keywords:
   Sustainable City Transport System, Control Tools,  passengers,  consumption of fuel and electric energy

Abstract:
Sustainable development of City Transport System is described in the article. Control tools relating to planning, and management of Public Transport System are described. 3-levels Integrated Control Tools system usage is offered which allows carrying out the control of vehicles, to supervise work of each type of transport separately and to co-ordinate work of all passenger transport system in the city.

Bibliography:
MEAL J.: Public transport in GB – ‘Policy context and practice’ illustrated with reference to smart card deployment and the ITSO specification” ITS 2007 Austria Conference proceedings pp 84-90, ITS Austria, Wien, 2007.
USEPA (1996): Indicators of environmental impacts of transportation - Highway, Rail, aviation and maritime transport. USEPA report, 230-R-96-009, Washington, USA, 268 p.
Toward Resilient, Self-healing and Smart Interdependent Infrastructure Systems. S. Massoud Amin, D.Sc.
ZIETSMAN, J.: Using sustainable transportation performance measures in corridor decision making COST 356 Seminar, Oslo, Norway, February 2008
VIRCAVS, I.: Development issues of transport infrastructure in Riga region. Final Regional Report. Action group II. Transport Corridors Network.
GALKINA A., KUŅICINA N. Modeling of intelligent transport system for power supply control in public transport system// RTU scientific articles. 4. vol., Enerģētika un elektrotehnika. - 22. issue. (2008), pp. 86.-93.
MEZITIS, M.: Microprocessor centralization systems reaction time reduction, Vilnius: VGTU 2005
BIEZBĀRDIS L., RIBICKIS, L.: Tramvaja vilces piedziņas impulsu pārveidotāju spēka shēmas  izpēte, 40 RTU konference, RÄŤga, 1999.g.
COST 356. EST - Towards the definition of a measurable environmentally sustainable transport.
Our Common Future (WCED, 1987).
Rousval and Maurin (2008).


Transport safety of ŽSR level crossings
K. RÁSTOČNY, J. ILAVSKÝ, P. NAGY
0000-00-00

K. RÁSTOČNY,  J. ILAVSKÝ,  P. NAGY
University of Žilina, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Univerzitnå 8215/1, 01026 Žilina, Slovak Republic

Title:
Transport safety of ŽSR level crossings

Keywords:
safety, level crossing, accidents, transport, ZSR, technical measures, organisational measures

Abstract:
Railway transport is one of processes controlled with a certain level of risk. It is apparent that due to a limited level of our knowledge, the technical level and limited funds we cannot count on absolute safety (zero risk) but we must admit that in a real technical system some error or fault may occur and its occurrence may mean a certain risk for the controlled process. The authors focus on proposing and presenting potentially usable measures that could increase the safety of traffic operation at the level crossings operated by the ŽSR (Slovak Railways). Technical and organizational measures are discussed separately. Some of proposed measures are specific for Slovak conditions only, however, to a certain extent some findings can be generalized and possibly applied in other countries, too

Bibliography:
Ĺ˝SR: “Annual report 2009.” http://www.zsr.sk.
“The Act Nr. 315/96 Z.z. about operation at the surface communications and related regulations and rules.” (Zakon c. 315/96 Z.z. o premĂĄvke na pozemnĂ˝ch komunikĂĄciĂĄch a s nĂ­m sĂşvisiace vyhlĂĄĹĄky a predpisy).
STN P 34 2651: “Railway Level Crossing Systems.” (Ĺ˝elezničné priecestné zariadenia), Slovak technical standard, 1999.
Railway operation rules (PravidlĂĄ Ĺželezničnej prevĂĄdzky Ĺ˝SR – Predpis Ĺ˝1) – internal rules of Railway of Slovak republic, 2005.
JANOTA, A., RÁSTOČNÝ, K., ZAHRADNÍK, J.: “Possible Measures for Safety Increase of Ĺ˝SR Level Crossing.” In: 10. World Level Crossing Symposium Safety and Trespass Prevention. Paris, 24. – 26. 6. 2008.
KMEŤ, V., RÁSTOČNÝ, K.: “Guarantee of Constant Train Approach Warning Time at Level Crossing System.” In: Transport System Telematics, Vol.2, Issue 4, november 2009, pp. 7-12, ISSN 1899-8208.
RÁSTOČNÝ, K., ZAHRADNÍK, J., JANOTA, A.: “Particularities of level crossing installations at the Slovak railways”. In: Proc. of the 1th Workshop of 6FP/ SELCAT, INRETS. pages. 29-34, Lille, France, 16. 5. 2007. ISBN 978-2-85782-663-7; ISSN 0769-0266.
ZAHRADNÍK, J., RÁSTOČNÝ, K..: “Applications of Railway Signalling System.” EDIS – University of Ĺ˝ilina, 2006, ISBN 80-8070-546-1.


Reliability of data obtained from video systems of traffic surveillance
M. STAWOWY
0000-00-00

M. STAWOWY
Faculty of Transport, Warsaw University of Technology, Koszykowa 75, 00-663 Warszawa, Poland

Title:
Reliability of data obtained from video systems of traffic surveillance

Keywords:
telematics, information reliability, traffic surveillance

Abstract:
The paper presents a way for estimating the reliability of data obtained with video systems of traffic surveillance. It describes the elements of factors determining the reliability of this indicator and presents a method for determining it using a computer simulation. This indicator can be used for assessing the quality of services

Bibliography:
STAWOWY M., MOKRZYCKI W.: Motion Estimation from Two Frames. PRIP'99, pages 59-64 Mińsk 1999.  
STAWOWY M.: Application of image analysis to solve transport problems. Report Works IPI PAN, No 862, Warsaw (in Polish).
DUQUE D., SANTOS H., and CORTEZ P.. An Intelligent and Automated Video Surveillance System, ICIAR 2006, pp. 898 – 909.
HOOGENDOORN P., BOVY H.L., Vehicular Traffic Flow Modelling Special Issue on Road Traffic Modelling and Control of the Journal of Systems and Control Engineering 2001.
MEEKER W. Q., ESCOBAR L.: Statistical methods for reliability data. John Wiley & Sons Inc. US and Canada 1998.
CHMIEL J., STAWOWY M.: Estimation of selected safety indicators of transport systems. Materials of Systems Security Symposium VI, Kiekrz ’96 (in Polish)


GPS use to determine accurate speed
M. DĘBOWSKA-MRÓZ, E. SZYCHTA
0000-00-00

M. DĘBOWSKA-MRÓZ,  E. SZYCHTA
Technical University of Radom, Faculty of Transport and Electrical Engineering, Poland; 26-600 Radom; Malczewskiego 29. Phone: + 48 48 361-77-30

Title:
GPS use to determine accurate speed

Keywords:
mobility, road traffic measurements, speed, methods of speed measurement in road traffic, GPS

Abstract:
The paper presents the importance of measurements and research in the road traffic as well as the most often used methods of speed measuring. Possibilities of GPS system use for speed measurements are described. Possibilities created by this method usage to determine the speed in the road traffic are shown.

Bibliography:
CHALKO T., High accuracy speed measurement using GPS. http://nujournal.net/HighAccuracySpeed.pdf 2007.
CHRZAN M., JACKOWSKI S., Contemporary telecommunications systems. Part I, II, Monograph, Technical University of Radom 2008 (in Polish).
DATKA S., SUCHORZEWSKI W., TRACZ M., Traffic engineering, WKiŁ, Warszawa 1999 (in Polish).
DĘBOWSKA-MRÓZ M., Program of the liquidation of dangerous places on roads on the example of the Radom region. Unpublished work, Technical University of Radom, Radom 2006÷ 2009 (in Polish).
DĘBOWSKA-MRÓZ M., ROGOWSKI A., Measurement and importance of research on the identification of road safety. Logistics no 6/2009, XIII International Conference-Transcomp 2009, Computer Systems Aided Science, Industry And Transport, Zakopane 2009 (in Polish).
DĘBOWSKA-MRÓZ M., ROGOWSKI A., Meaning of measurement of speed in road traffic. Logistics no 2/2010, VII Conference Of Science And Technology -Logitrans 2010, Logistics, Transport Systems, Safety In The Transport Szczyrk 2010 (in Polish).
GACA S., SUCHORZEWSKI W., TRACZ M., Engineering of the road traffic. The theory and the practice, WKiŁ, Warszawa 2008 (in Polish).
SUDA J., The accuracy of satellite location, public transport vehicles. IV International Scientific-Technical Conference EXPLO-SHIP, Scientific Papers No11(83), Maritime Academy Szczecin 2006 (in Polish).
SZCZURASZEK T. & TEAM: Safety of the urban traffic. WKiŁ, Warszawa 2005 (in Polish).
TAYLOR M.: The speed of vehicles which are involved in fatal accidents. Traffic Engineering end Control No 2 (2001)


Road user protection via intelligent camera surveillance
B. SCHIERECK
0000-00-00

B. SCHIERECK
Traficon, Vlamingstraat 19, B-8560 Wevelgem, Belgium

Title:
Road user protection via intelligent camera surveillance

Keywords:


Abstract:
Because of increasing traffic volume and complexity, road safety is now more than ever a hot topic on the government agenda. Traffic managers at all levels are organizing today debates with the following central topic: how can we better protect the road user?
One of the solutions to improve pedestrian safety is via Video Image Processing technology. This video detection technology detects faster than any other detection technology. By analyzing the video images in real time, you immediately receive a clear image of potentially dangerous situations. Result: the danger of the incident is substantially reduced and secondary impacts are prevented.
Is video detection a cure-all? Just like any other ITS technology, this detection technology must be used correctly. Different applications require different cameras and different camera positions. One must not start implementing video detection technology without a complete understanding of the costs and benefits associated with these systems. If the correct guidelines and parameters are taken into account and implemented correctly, video detection has proven to be very reliable and can offer great solutions to the end user

Bibliography:
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (www.nhtsa.dot.gov)
STOLLOF, E.R., MCGEE, H., AND ECCLES, K.A., 2007. Pedestrian signal safety for older persons, Washington, DC: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
VERSAVEL, J.: Video Image Processing Techniques for Traffic Data and Incident Detection: an Overview of potentialities, design principles and results. 3rd International Conference of ITS Australia, Brisbane, Queensland, 11-14 March 1997
VERSAVEL, J.: Video for Traffic Data - and Incident Detection by Traficon, Proceedings of the ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) International Conference, 1998


Dynamic Traffic Management Systems on A4 Motorways
J. BOHATKIEWICZ, K. JAMROZIK, S. BIERNACKI
0000-00-00

J. BOHATKIEWICZ,  K. JAMROZIK,  S. BIERNACKI
EKKOM Sp. z o.o. Wadowicka 8 i, 30-415 KrakĂłw, Poland

Title:
Dynamic Traffic Management Systems on A4 Motorways

Keywords:
   traffic management system, variable message signs, traffic control, speed management, road safety

Abstract:
The A4 Motorway is the key transport connection in southern Poland and carries domestic and international traffic in the east-west direction. In 2008 a traffic management system based on variable message signs (VMS) was designed for the General Directorate of National Roads and Motorways. The system covers a section of 165 km of the A4 Motorway between the interchanges Bielany (Lower Silesia) and Sośnica (Silesia).
The main purpose of the system is to ensure seamless traffic flows and road safety. Thanks to the application of VMS and a dynamic transfer of data and information the functions of the system include traffic control, speed management, alternative route guidance, traffic information and weather warnings. The design stage of the system included the mapping of data sources, grouping of potential traffic incidents, development of message signs, setting out of actuation procedures and sequences of message display as well as outlining of communications procedures and decision making process by the administrator of the system. A lot of attention was given to factors providing for reliability of the system and credibility of messages.

Bibliography:
ITS Handbook 2000. Recommendations from the World Road Association (PIERC). Artech House, Boston 1999.
SUSSMAN J.: Introduction to Transportation Systems. Artech House, Boston 2000.
IST – FRAME: Planning an Intelligent Transport System. A Guide to transport System Architecture. April 2004.
ROTTER T., The influence of information-transmitting systems on drivers’ behaviour, 4th International Scientific and Technological Conference LOGITRANS 2007, Szczyrk April 25-27, 2007.
Changeable Message Sign Operation and Messaging Handbook, Operations Office of Travel Management, Federal Highway Administration, Publication No. FHWA-OP-03-070, August 2004.
Specification of material terms for task 001-4b “Elements of traffic safety in A4 motorway from Wrocław (Bielany) to Sośnica”, including the construction of traffic measurement station, meteorological stations and changeable message signs.
Operational guidelines for the use of changeable message sings, State of North Carolina, Department of Transportation, 1999.


Possibilities of industrial Ethernet usage in safety critical applications
M. FRANEKOVÁ, T. ONDRAŠINA, J. ĽUPTÁK, P. V
0000-00-00

M. FRANEKOVÁ,  T. ONDRAĹ INA,  J. Ä˝UPTÁK,  P. VESTENICKÝ
Department of Control and Information Systems, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ĺ˝ilina, UniverzitnĂĄ 8215/1, 010 26  Ĺ˝ilina, Slovakia

Title:
Possibilities of industrial Ethernet usage in safety critical applications

Keywords:
   industrial Ethernet, ProfiSafe, CIP Safety, Wi-Fi, Safety Integrity Level, cryptanalytic attacks

Abstract:
Authors describe the possibilities of the industrial Ethernet usage in safety-critical applications as a component of safety-related control systems. The main part of the paper summarizes the safety requirements of industrial Ethernet ProfiNet and Ethernet/IP based on ProfiSafe and CIPSafety safety profiles oriented towards identification of communication errors and recommendations of protective mechanisms which are applied in communication protocols. In the practical part the results of performed cryptanalytic attacks on the wireless communication protocol based on the IEEE 802.11 standard are mentioned.

Bibliography:
FRANEKOVÁ M., KÁLLAY F., PENIAK P., VESTENICKÝ P.: Communication safety of industrial networks. EDIS, ŽU Žilina, 2007. In Slovak. ISBN 978-80-8070-715-6
IEC 61784-3: Digital data communications for measurement and control. Part 3: Profiles for functional safety communications in industrial networks. 2007
ISA SP 100.11a: Wireless Systems for Industrial Automation: Process Control and Related Applications
IEC 61784-4: Digital data communications for measurement and control. Part 3: Profiles for secure communications in industrial network. 2006
IEC 61508: Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems. 1989
NAIR, S. - VASKO, D.: DeviceNet Safety: Safety networking for the future. CAN conference, München, October 2003
TÜV Automotive GmbH – TÜV SÜD Group Electronic Systems – TÜV Product Service GmbH, Evaluation Report, Profibus specifications, PROFIsafe – Profiles for Failsafe Technology, Report No.:PK55299T, Revisison 1.2 July of 26th 2005, Order No.:700 43831
IEC 62280: Railway applications - Communication, signalling and processing systems - Part 2: Safety related communication in open transmission systems
MALM, T.- HÉRARD, J.- BOEGH, J.- KIVIPURO, M.: Validation of safety – related wireless machinecontrol systems. Technical report TR 605. 2007. ISSN 0283-7234
  http://www.fips-197.com
  http://www.hsc.fr/ressources/articles/hakin9_wifi/index.html.en


Statistical analysis of electromagnetic interference between AC traction current and track circuits
V. GAVRILYUK, A. ZAVGORODNYJ
0000-00-00

V. GAVRILYUK (a), A. ZAVGORODNYJ (b)
(a)  Automatic and Telecommunication Department of National University of Railway Transport, Lazarjan Str, 2, 49010, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine,
 (b) State Department “Pridneprovsk Railways”, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine,

Title:
Statistical analysis of electromagnetic interference between AC traction current and track circuits

Keywords:
  electromagnetic compatibility, AC traction current, track circuits

Abstract:
The statistical analysis of traction current harmonics in rail circuits has been provided with the aim to develop statistical evaluation methods of electromagnetic compatibility between the AC traction current and rail circuits.

Bibliography:
HILL R.J. Electric Railway Tration: Part 7 Electromagnetic Interference in Traction Systems. IEEE Power Engineering Journal, pp. 259-266, Dec. 1997.
BIALON A. Values of admitted parameters of handicapes of a traction rolling stock. // Vestnik VNIIGT, no 5, p. 44-47, Moscow 2001.
BOCHKOV K.A., RIAZANTSEVA N.V. Probabilistic method of determination of EMC levels of microelectronic systems. Testing of safety and electromagnetic compatibility of automatic and telecommunication railway systems. International Seminar, p. 20-29, Gomel, 2001.
BOCHKOV K.A., RIAZANTSEVA N.V. Normalization of parameters of EMC in view of real electromagnetic conditions. Testing of safety and electromagnetic compatibility of automatic and telecommunication railway systems. International Seminar, p. 35-42, Gomel, 2001.
GAVRILYUK V., SERDYUK T. Telemetric system for the control of sygnal parameters of rail circuits. Transport Systems Telematics. International Conference. Zeszyty Naukowe. Politechnika Slansha, no 1570, p. 185-189, Poland 2002.
GAVRILYUK V., ZAVGORODNIJ A. The modelling of electromagnetic influence of traction electro supply system on railway circuits. Transport Systems Telematics. Zeszyty Naukowe. Politechnika Slansha, no 1657, p. 18-19, Poland 2004.
GAVRILYUK V., ZAVGORODNIJ A. Computer simulation of electromagnetic interference from railway electric power system harmonics. Archives of Transport Systems Telematics., vol. 2, p. 33-37, Poland 2009.  
GAVRILYUK V., ZAVGORODNIJ A. The model of traction current interference propagation in rail lines. Informacijno-kerujuci Sistemi na Zaliznichnomu Transporti, no 4, p. 40-43, Ukraine, 2009
ZAVGORODNIJ A. The comparative analysis of impedance calculation methods of electrified railway lines. Informacijno-kerujuci Sistemi na Zaliznichnomu Transporti, no 2, p. 49-53, Ukraine, 2010.
BENDAT JULIUS S., PIERSOL ALAN G.. A Random data. Analysis and measurement procedure. Wiley Interscience Publications. New-York, Chichester, Brisbane, Toronto, Singapore 1986.


Possibilities and duties of ITS for large events
N. Handke
0000-00-00

N. Handke
ITS Network Germany, Vahrenwalder Platz 3, 30165 Hannover, Germany

Title:
Possibilities and duties of ITS for large events

Keywords:
ITS, traffic management

Abstract:
In 2006, the FIFA World Soccer Championships was hosted by Germany. On that occasion new approaches on co-operative traffic management, new duties for ITS and new safety and transport strategies were developed and tested in and between the twelve hosting cities. Its success depended mainly on an actual and reliable information and guidance strategy as well as on a perfect operation of innovative ITS systems, on the way to the stadium and - maybe even more important - on the way back home. So traffic management with ITS played an important role in a suitable organization and operation of it. And the results would be good hints for other cites, regions or countries who will host similar events in the future.

Bibliography:


Implementation Problems of Automatic Emergency Information System - eCall
T. KAMIŃSKI, I. MITRASZEWSKA, G. NOWACKI , M. NIE
0000-00-00

T. KAMIŃSKI (a), I. MITRASZEWSKA (a), G. NOWACKI (a), M. NIEZGODA (a), R. GRZESZCZYK (b),
(a) Motor Transport Institute, Jagiellońska 80, 03-301 Warsaw, Poland,
 (b)Automex sp. z o.o., Marynarki Polskiej, 55d, 80557, Gdańsk , Poland

Title:
Implementation Problems of Automatic Emergency Information System - eCall

Keywords:
   eCall, 112, traffic accidents, telematics, ITS

Abstract:
The concept of eCall automatically informing system of traffic accidents is one of the key-points of the European initiative eSafety and aims to create a Pan-European system of quick notification of traffic accidents. The system will use the telephone 112 or E112. The accident data will be transferred to emergency points. The estimation of costs and profits of the eCall system within the E-MERGE project and research SeiSS6 shows a possibility of avoiding even 2500 deaths a year and diminishing the results of accidents by about 15% on European scale. This paper presents rules of the eCall system operation and introduces some problems associated with the system implementation. The paper includes the eCall infrastructure, legal problems and the data transmission from a vehicle to a PSAP centre. The following technical issues are being discussed as well: accidents detection, ICT communication and data transmission in the voice channel.

Bibliography:
EU, eCall Memorandum of Understanding, Status of signatures, Brussels, 2010
EU, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European
Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Bringing eCall back on track – Action Plan, Brussels 2006.
„Results of the eCall Cross Border Feasibility Trial”, ADAC, Munich, 2009
Possibilities of building integrated eCall system with emergency number E112, Development of Telecommunication in the Information Society, National Institute of Telecommunication, Warsaw 2008 (in polish)
KAMIŃSKI T et al., „Some problems connected with introducing of automatic accidents information system – eCall, Logitrans 2010, Szczyrk, 2010


AI and IQ- the Comparison and the Measuring Methods
K. Lubieniecka - Kocoń
0000-00-00

K. Lubieniecka - Kocoń
-

Title:
AI and IQ- the Comparison and the Measuring Methods

Keywords:
AI, intelligence, IQ

Abstract:
The hereby article is to present the notions of two concepts: human and artificial intelligence. The paper first offer the short presentation of their most common definitions. Both terms are widely known, however, not often are they viewed from the same perspective. Thus, the most intriguing part is to treat both issues in the similar, if not the same, way, using close assessment tools. Furthermore, the ways, methods and the approaches towards the assessment tools are provided. Finally, the comparison between those two concepts is shown, together with the idea of ITS as an example of AI.

Bibliography:
MATCZAK, A., et. all: APIS Warszawa, PTP 2006
NĘCKA, E.: Intelligence. Genesis- Structure –Functions (Inteligencja. Geneza- Struktura-Funkcje) Gdansk, GWP (2000)
SMITH,B.C.: Philosophy Encyclopedia(Encyklopedia Filozofii), http://www.ptta.pl/pef
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-machine
STRELAU, J.: Psychology. Academic course book (Psychologia. Podręcznik akademicki) Gdańsk, GWP (2003)
Uroš Krčadinac, http://www.krcadinac.com


Application of the HDR imaging in vehicles’ video tracking systems
P. MAZUREK, K. OKARMA
0000-00-00

P. MAZUREK,  K. OKARMA
Faculty of Motor Transport, Higher School of Technology and Economics in Szczecin, Klonowica 14, 71-244 Szczecin, Poland,

Title:
Application of the HDR imaging in vehicles’ video tracking systems

Keywords:
vehicles’ tracking, High Dynamic Range images, Intelligent Transportation Systems

Abstract:
Video systems are used in Intelligent Transportation Systems for vehicles’ tracking. Cameras typically used in these systems are characterized by relatively low dynamic range which is only a fragment of the dynamic range of the human eye. In order to adapt to the lighting conditions the cameras feature dynamic changes of the gain and exposure.  For vehicles there is a very wide range of the observed brightness of details because of the variety of vehicles’ colors and the presence of elements reflecting light in different ways, as well as changing lighting conditions. This means that even if the camera is able to capture the relevant dynamic range, there is a restriction of the distinguishability of details, which is essential in the process of detecting the location of vehicles. The use of HDR imaging techniques based on various exposures helps to increase the dynamic range and improves the accuracy of vehicles’ positions estimation.

Bibliography:
KLEIN L.A., Sensor Technologies and Data Requirements for ITS. Artech House ITS library, Norwood, Massachusetts 2001.
KLEIN L.A., MILLS M.K., GIBSON D.R.P., Traffic Detector Handbook: Third Edition - Volume I, FHWA-HRT-06-108, FHWA, 2006.
KNOLL P., HDR Vision for Driver Assistance. In: High Dynamic Range (HDR) Vision, B. Hoefflinger (ed.), p.123-136, Springer 2007.
SEGER U., KNOLL P.M., STILLER C., Sensor Vision and Collision Warning Systems, Convergence Conference, Detroit 2000.
SCHNEIDER K., ZIMMERMANN H.K., Highly Sensitive Optical Receivers, Springer 2006.
MYSZKOWSKI K., MANTIUK R., KRAWCZYK G., High Dynamic Range Video. Morgan & Claypool Publishers 2008.
WANGY H., RASKARZ R., AHUJA N.: High Dynamic Range Video Using Split Aperture Camera. Proceeding of the 6-th IEEE Workshop on Omnidirectional Vision, Camera Networks and Non-classical cameras OMNIVIS’05, 2005.
OKARMA K., MAZUREK P., Background Estimation Algorithm for Optical Car Tracking Applications. Machinebuilding and Electrical Engineering no. 7-8, p. 7-10, 2006.
BLACKMAN S., POPOLI R., Design and Analysis of Modern Tracking Systems, Artech House, 1999.
BROOKNER E., Tracking and Kalman Filtering Made Easy, Wiley 1998.
KALMAN R.E., A New Approach to Linear Filtering and Prediction Problems. Journal of Basic Engineering vol. 82 no. 1, p.35-45, 1960.
REINHARD E., WARD G., PATTANAIK S., DEBEVEC P. High Dynamic Range Imaging Acquisition, Display, and Image-Based Lighting, Elsevier 2005.
WARD G.: Fast Robust Image Registration for Compositing High Dynamic Range Photographs from Hand-Held Exposures, Journal of Graphics Tools, vol. 8 no .2, p.17-30, 2003.


Interaction of Real and Embedded Devices for Intelligent Control of City Electric Transport
A. POTAPOVS, M. GOROBETZ, A. LEVCHENKOV
0000-00-00

A. POTAPOVS (a), M. GOROBETZ (b), A. LEVCHENKOV  (b),
(a)    Faculty of Power and Electrical Engineering, Riga Technical University, 1, Kalku Street, LV-1658, Riga, Latvia,
(b)   Institute of Industrial Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Riga Technical University, 1, Kalku Street, LV-1658, Riga, Latvia,

Title:
Interaction of Real and Embedded Devices for Intelligent Control of City Electric Transport

Keywords:
   electric transport, embedded systems, intelligent control

Abstract:
The interaction of real and virtual devices is an important point in the design and development of control system. The central part of an embedded control system is a controller and it needs input devices and output sensors for realization of the control. The proposed approach allows using a real controller with its specific programming tools and languages for intelligent software development and virtual measurement and sensor devices realized in a computer environment. Different wireless compounds are necessary for intelligent embedded devices for transport system control.  For this reason a wireless communication network is needed to ensure the data transmission between the controller and supervisory control and data acquisition system. The purpose of this paper is to propose an approach for interaction of real, embedded and virtual devices in electric transport control systems.
The main tasks are: to analyze objects and functional dependencies of an electric transportation control system, to develop a control algorithm with the interaction of real and virtual devices, to ensure a wireless connection for the data transfer from the controller to the supervisory control and data acquisition system, to define the method of transmitted data processing. Computer and practical experiments, with real and embedded devices, and the results analysis will be described the paper.

Bibliography:
RIBICKIS L., VALEINIS J. Elektriska piedzina mehatronikas sistemas. Riga, 2008. – 287 lpp.
RIBICKIS L., LEVCENKOVS A., GOROBECS M. Sistemu teorijas pamati industrialas elektronikas modelesana. Riga, 2008. – 95 lpp.
KOLESOV, J. B.: Object-oriented modelling of complex dynamic systems. Saint Petersburg, 2004 – 232 p.
BRIAN R., et all.: Guide to Matlab for beginners and experienced users. University Of Cambridge, 2008. – 351 p.


Role of Fleet Controlling in Logistics
B. E. RATHOUSKY
0000-00-00

B. E. RATHOUSKY
Jan Perner Transport Faculty, University of Pardubice, Studentska 95, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic

Title:
Role of Fleet Controlling in Logistics

Keywords:
Fleet Controlling, road cargo transport, valuables cargo transport, intermodal transport

Abstract:
The paper deals with the role of fleet controlling in logistics. Main benefits of its application for transport companies (dispatcher, fleet manager etc.), drivers, customers and logistics are described here. Other parts of the article solve the application of fleet controlling in the road transport of high-value cargo and in the field of intermodal transport.

Bibliography:
Berg Insight [on-line]. Available from: <http://www.berginsight.com>.
PROCHAZKA, R.: Technological procedures of handling with valuables cargo in logistic chain, Pardubice 2008, University of Pardubice (in Czech).
STAREK, T. HOLUB, O.: “Multimodality for increase of cargo transport quantity”. ITS Prague 2009. Prague 2009.
YMS Group [on-line]. Available from: <http://www.ymsgroup.com/cz/uvod>.
Volvo Trucks Czech Republic [on-line]. Available from: <http://www.volvotrucks.com>.
ZOCA Container Security [on-line]. Available from: <http://www.zoca.nl>.
Krone [on-line]. Available from: <http://www.krone.de>.


Usage of Infrared Camera in Active Safety Systems
M. SZTANDKIE
0000-00-00

M. SZTANDKIE
ul. Belgradzka 46/14, 02-793 Warszawa, Poland

Title:
Usage of Infrared Camera in Active Safety Systems

Keywords:
   safety systems, car collisions, prevention

Abstract:
The intelligent systems supporting the driver start to play a decisive role in avoiding vehicle collisions in dynamically changing road conditions. Systems cover the following fields: prevention, passengers safety, support and information. In that case we are dealing with an integrated safety system, which is much broader then an individual car or personal skills of a driver. The implementation into a common usage of sophisticated safety systems is aimed at early warning, monitoring the situation on the road, mutual interaction and functionality of the systems in changing road conditions. The huge technological investments of car producers result in safety improvement and avoidance of majority of car collisions. The most recent safety active systems, which are broader described in the article, include the systems, which use IR cameras, such as: Driver Alert System - DAC (Driver Alert Control) and LDW (Lane Departure Warning) as well as City Safety System.

Bibliography:
JÓŹWICKI R.: Technika laserowa i jej zastosowanie. Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Warszawskiej. 2009
BOOTH K., HILL S.: Optoelektronika. Wiedzieć więcej. Wydawnictwa Komunikacji i Łączności. Warszawa 2001
Training and Information Materials of Robert Bosch GmbH, 2007
Training and Information Materials of Volvo Car Corporation, 2008


Service quality management in multipath access solutions for transport telematics solution
T. ZELINKA, M. SVITEK, T. STAREK, Z. LOKAJ
0000-00-00

T. ZELINKA (a), M. SVITEK (a), T. STAREK (a), Z. LOKAJ (b),
(a) CTU Prague, Faculty of transportation Sciences, Konviktska 20, 110 00, Prague 1, Czech Republic
 (b)e-Ident – Laboratory for Electronic Identification Systems and Comms., Na Zertvach 34, 180 00, Prague, Czech Republic

Title:
Service quality management in multipath access solutions for transport telematics solution

Keywords:
Intelligent Transport System, Transport telematics,Multipath seamless communications access service, Bayes statistics, Laplace density function

Abstract:
ITSs (Intelligent Transport systems) are associated with serious expectations and getting ITS applications in the real practice is understood as essential potential to significantly faster resolve many transport challenges. Research is concentrated on the promotion of ITS architecture in real ITS practice and using it for solving the different ITS optimization tasks. In this paper main afford is oriented to the communications key support of the ITS architecture

Bibliography:
SVITEK, M.: Architecture of ITS Systems and Services in the Czech Republic, International Conference Smart Moving 2005, Birmingham 2005, England.
SVITEK, M: Intelligent Transport Systems - Architecture, Design methodology and Practical Implementation, Key-note lesson, 5th WSEAS/IASME Int. Conf. on Systems Theory and Scientific Computation, Malta 2005.
SVITEK, M., ZELINKA, T.: Communications Tools for Intelligent Transport Systems, Proceedings of 10th WSEAS International Conference on Communications, pp 519 – 522, Athens 2006, ISSN 1790-5117, ISBN 960-8457-47-5.
SVITEK, M., ZELINKA, T.: Communications Solutions for ITS Telematic Subsystems, WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics, Issue 4 (2006), Vol. 3, pp 361 – 367, Athens 2006,   ISSN 1109-9526,
SVITEK, M., ZELINKA, T.: Telecommunications solutions for ITS. Towards Common Engineering &Technology for Land, Maritime, air and Space Transportation – ITCT 2006, CNISF, Paris 2006.
SVITEK, M., ZELINKA, T.: Communication solution for GPS based airport service vehicles navigation, EATIS’97 ACM-DL Proceedings, Faro (Portugal)  2007, ISBN #978-1-59593-598-4.
ZELINKA, T., SVITEK, M.: Communication solution for Vehicles Navigation on the Airport territory, Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE Intelligent Vehicle Symposium, Istanbul, Turkey, pp 528–534, IEEE Catalogue number 07TH8947, ISBN 1-4244-1068-1.
SVITEK, M., ZELINKA, T.: Communications Environment for Telematic Subsystems, Proceedings of 11-th World Multi-Conference on Systemic, Cybernetics and Informatics, Volume II, pp 362-367, IIIS/IFSR, Orlando, FL, USA, ISBN-10: 1-934272-16-7, ISBN-13: 978-1-934272-16-9
SVITEK, M., ZELINKA, T.: Communications Challenges of the Airport Over-ground Traffic Management, Proceedings of the 11th WSEAS International Multi-conference CSCC, Volume – Advances in Communications, pp. 228 – 234, Agion Nikolaos, Crete Island, Greece, ISSN 1790-5117, ISBN 978-969-8457-91-1.
ZELINKA,T., SVITEK, M.: Communications Scheme for Airport Service Vehicles Navigation, Proceedings of International Conference TRANSTEC Prague, Czech Technical University, Faculty of Transport Science and University of California, Santa Barbara, Praha 2007, pp. 160 – 166, ISBN 978-80-01-03782-9.
WILLIAMS, B.: CALM handbook V1.0. Document ISO TC204 WG.16.1 CALM, 2004.
ZELINKA,T., SVITEK, M.: CALM - Telecommunication Environment for Transport Telematics, Technology & Prosperity, 2006, Vol. XI, special edition (11/06), ISSN 1213-7162.
OLIVA, A. at al.:  IEEE 802.21 enabled mobile terminals for optimized WLAN/3G handovers, ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing and Communications, Volume 11,  Issue 2  (April 2007), Pages: 29 – 40,   ISSN:1559-1662.
ZELINKA,T., SVITEK, M.: Decision processes in telematic multi-path communications access systems, International Journal of Communications, North Atlantic University Network NOUN, Issue 2, Volume 1, 2007, pp.11 – 16.
SVITEK, M., ZELINKA, T.: Communications multi-path access decision scheme. Neural Network World, ICS AS CR and CTU, FTS, Praha, No. 6.,2008, pp 3 - 14, 2008, ISSN 1210 0552.
SVITEK, M., ZELINKA, T.: Decision processes in Communications Multi-path Access Systems applied within ITS. Transactions on Transport Science, MTCR, Praha, No. 1, 2008, pp 3-12 , ISSN 1802-971X.


Challenges for logistics in the pinnacle of motorsports - Formula 1
T. DĘBICKI
0000-00-00

T. DĘBICKI
E-Economy Center, Institute of Logistics and Warehousing, Estkowskiego 6, 61-755 Poznań, Poland

Title:
Challenges for logistics in the pinnacle of motorsports - Formula 1

Keywords:


Abstract:
The article refers to the challenges for the logistics which comes together with the organization of big sports events. The article is based on the example of the most demanding discipline which is Formula 1. It is here, where besides the latest technologies and the best drivers in the world, the latest methods of managements are applied as well as modern logistics techniques. New ideas of modern logistics were born in this highly demanding field. The logistics issues will be followed by very important aspects in preparing to the season, the race, and the qualifying that is the analysis of telemetric data, which is transferred from the car to the garage every time the car is on track.


Bibliography:


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